Tuesday, April 15, 2014

National Archives Hosts International Research Portal for Records Related to Nazi-Era Cultural Property

English:
English: (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
The Text Message » National Archives Hosts International Research Portal for Records Related to Nazi-Era Cultural Property

The Nazis and their collaborators engaged in widespread and systematic confiscation of art and cultural property between 1933 and 1945 through various means including theft, coercion, and forced sales. These activities resulted in the displacement of millions of items of cultural property. During and after the war, the Allies undertook major efforts to identify and restitute the property to its rightful owners. In recent years, the international community has recognized the critical need to ensure access to relevant archival materials dispersed across institutions throughout the world in order to facilitate provenance and claims research to ensure looted art and cultural property is identified and returned to the rightful owners.
On May 5, 2011, the National Archives launched the International Research Portal for Records Related to Nazi-Era Cultural Property, which is a collaboration of national and other archival institutions with records that pertain to Nazi-Era cultural property. These archival institutions, along with expert national and international organizations, are working together to extend public access to the widely-dispersed records through this single internet portal that links researchers directly to the digitized records and online finding aids of the 18 participating institutions. The Portal enables families to research their losses; provenance researchers to locate important documentation; and historians to study newly accessible materials on the history of this period. This collaborative project was established to fulfill the objectives of the 1998 Washington Conference Principles on Nazi-Confiscated Art, the 2000 Vilnius Forum Declaration and the 2009 Terezin Declaration, particularly to make all such records publicly accessible.
The Portal links researchers to archival materials consisting of descriptions of records and, in many cases, digital images of the records that relate to cultural property that was stolen, looted, seized, forcibly sold, or otherwise lost during the Nazi era. These records, which are in many different languages, include Nazi documentation, governmental records from 1933 onwards, inventories of recovered artworks, post-war claims records and auction house and art dealer records. Cultural property documented in these records ranges from artworks to books and libraries, religious objects, antiquities, archival documents, carvings, silver and more.
The records that are available on the Portal from the U.S. National Archives (NARA) document the activities of several U.S. Government agencies involved in the identification and recovery of looted assets, including the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) and U.S. occupation forces in Germany and Austria. The materials also contain captured German records regarding the seizure of cultural property, such as theEinsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg (ERR) albums, card file, and related photographs. The records have been described in NARA’s online catalog. Many of the records have additionally been digitized and made available online by our partner Fold3.com (Holocaust Era Assets records). The digitized records on Fold3.com are available for free in all National Archives research rooms and many large libraries, or for a fee by subscription.  Records that have not yet been digitized are available for research at the National Archives at College Park, MD.
These records were created or received by the U.S. Government during and after World War II as part of its investigations into cultural assets that were looted or otherwise lost during the war. Many of the records available through the Portal highlight the work of the U.S. Army Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives Section (MFA&A), commonly known as the “Monuments Men.” In total, the records of the U.S. National Archives that can be found through the Portal include over 2.3 million pages of documents, and they are available for your research today.
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Monday, April 14, 2014

HMS Bounty Logbook Apr 13, 1789

As I drew nearer to the Southermost Key I discovered from aloft that there were a number of Natives within the Reefs, but as the Sea broke dreadfully round them I imagined none were capable of getting through it to come out to us, let their inclination have been ever so strong. I was however agreeably surprized by a Visit from four Men in a single Cannoe. They paddled straight for the ship without making a single stop untill they were alongside, when without any kind of fear or astonishment, after receiving a few Beads from me, they came into the ship. One man seemed to have some ascendency over the others, ahd him only had the Curiosity to look a little about the ship, but none of them would go below. My People had just been to dinner and had left some of their fresh Pork in a Bowl which was given to them on being asked for, and they eat it Voraciously with some boiled Plantains.
Two of the Men had each a large Mother of Pearl Shell hung at their breasts, pendant from the neck by plaited human Hair. On being told I was the Erree, the principal person immediatly came and joined noses with me, and presented me his shell and tyed it round my neck, and now being perfectly reconciled to their situation, they seated themselves, and I had time to endeavor to make enquiries, which as their language was in some degree like Otaheite I got this information.
They called the Island Whytootackee and the Erree lomack kaiah. They said they had no Hogs, Dogs or Goats upon the Island neither had they Yams or Tarro, but Plantains, Vees, Fowls and Breadfruit they said were in great abundance, and also Cocoanutts. As all that I have mentioned was on their View there could be no mistake between us. I had also aPompion hanging up and they immediatly called it Oomarra which is the Ulietea name for it, but the Otaheiteans called it Enoah.
Notwithstanding they said there were no Hogs, Yams or Tarro, they called them by name, and I am rather Inclined to beleive they were imposing upon me,
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I nevertheless thought it my duty, as I could do it conveniently, to supply them with those Articles, and I therefore ordered a fine young Boar and Sow into their Cannoe, with some Yams and Tarro. I also gave each of them a Knife and a fine Toey some Nails, Beads and also a Looking Glass, the latter they handled and examined as a monkey would do, but Nails and Toeys they were acquainted with and called them Aouree which is the common name for Iron.
When I had given my present to the different Men, they were preparing to leave us, and the Cheif of the Cannoe took possession of every thing I had given to the others, one of them only, showed any signs of disatisfaction, they however joined Noses, and were reconciled. As the evening was coming on I became desirous for them to leave the ship, but to my astonishment two out of the four were to remain on board for the Night, and the others were to come for them in the morning. I would have treated their confidence with the utmost gratitude and regard, but it was impossible to say how far it might be in my power to land them in the morning without subjecting myself to accidents and delay, and as to the punctuality of their friends coming for them, it was by no means absolutely certain; I therefore desired them to go into the Cannoe, which they did reluctantly and left us. They were also solicitous for some of us to go on shore with them.
These People are just the same as those of Herveys Isles, in their appearance at first sight, but they are certainly more docile and inoffensive. They were fishermen who had been upon the Reefs, their complexion therefore being very dark, and their persons very meagre, made them perhaps not a true sample of their Countrymen. They had naturally strong black Hair which they wore loose about the Neck, but from the extreme heat of the Sun and the Salt Water, (like all fishermen) great part of it was
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turned of a brown or reddish colour. The Cheif of the Cannoe was tatowed on the Thighs and the Legs, with four small strakes across the upper arms, something like a spear, the others had the same strakes across the hollow of the Knee, but neither were marked on the posteriors as the Otaheiteans. They wore a marro like most other Islanders and had besides some cloth and matt like those of the Friendly Islands which was wrapt round their middle. They had one Spear in the Cannoe which they gave me. It was a common Pole pointed with the hard Toa Wood. Not a single article besides had they in their Cannoe, not even a Cocoanutt or a Gourd of water. The Cannoe was made of one peice of Timber with the common outrigger. The Stern had a Small elevation, and round the Gunwale long poles were lashed to strengthen the upper part of the Cannoe. The head was no way remarkable or was their Paddles materialy different from most others.
I could not discover if they had any knowledge of Herveys Islands, but I think there is little doubt of it, as from them only could they have got a knowledge of Iron. The distance between those Islands is 54 Miles in the direction S67°E and N67°W. Should this Island be without such essential articles as I have already mentioned, it would be of little avail for any ship to stop at it, but I am doubtfull of the information I received, and as the Natives are disposed to trade and will be more so, a Ship coming this way may make it worth her while to stop a day or two with them under the West side of the Island. Could Anchorage be found it would be one of the most desireable little Spots in the South Sea, but within the Keys it is all Shoal water & without not fathomable.
This Island which the Natives call Whytootackee is about 10 miles in Circuit its North part lies in Latd. 18°..50′So and its South end in 18°..54′So. Eight sml Islands or Keys lie off to the SSE of it and one to the WSW. The Southermost lies from a Round Hill on the No part of the Isld. S30°Et by Comnpass 7 miles, and is in Latd. 18°..58′S. The Isld. itself is not above 2½ miles from Et to Wt., but the Reef and Keys to the Southd. of it extends 8 miles. Every Key was covered with Trees among which as well as on the large Island were many that from their peculiar
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branches I supposed to be the Tea. The Beaches were brilliantly white.
The Longd. of the Hill on the North part of the Isld is by the Time Keeper 200°..19′ Et and by my account 199°..40′ Etand the Variation of the Compass may be considred to be 8°..14′ Et.
The Language of these Islanders altho at first in conversation did not appear to be like the Society Islands yet many of their words may be said to be Identically the Same, and in any respect not differ more from the Otaheiteans than the Ulietea or Huheine People do. I shall therefore conclude my remarks on this place with the few words of their language I was able to collect.


WhytootackeeOtaheite
OrooOorooBreadfruit
Aauree eeteeIma eeteeI don't know
VeeVeeA fine Apple
TatatowTatowTo puncture the skin with marks
MaicahMaiyahMaiden Plantain
AhAyYes
OomarraComma or EnoahPompions or Potatoes
ArreeahArreeahStay a little
EvvaahEevaahA Cannoe
Pyee or PyiePyheeA Ship or Large Cannoe
NugheeNugheeYams
BoahBoahHogs
Toa or ToahToaA Tree (very hard Wood)
TarroTarroEddie or Coccos
ArravveArravveTo take away
EvyyoEvyyoLet it remain or Stay where you are
MattapoMattupoBlind
Ma MytyMa MytyGood Food
TawaTawaUs
EnnooAvree or AddeeCocoa nutts
YootahYootahThe shore
Whyeine mytety te yootahHuheine mytety e yootahThere are fine Women on shore
Te yootah te medooahTe yootah te medooahHis Parents are on shore

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Sunday, April 13, 2014

Know Your Records: U.S. Navy Deck Logs

The Text Message » Know Your Records: U.S. Navy Deck Logs
Know Your Records: U.S. Navy Deck Logs
U.S. Navy deck logs and muster rolls are among the most popular U.S. Navy records in our holdings. Archivists here at Archives II frequently consult these records to answer researcher requests. Considering their popularity, we thought it might be helpful to dive a little deeper [pun intended!] into the information contained within each record type. Today’s topic: Deck logs!
U.S. Navy Deck Logs – What they are:
A deck log is a brief record of the daily administrative activities of a ship.  It includes journal-style entries of the ship’s administrative activities; location and course of travel; disciplinary procedures; and any unusual events.  The logs sometime include information related to operational activities, although the level of content and detail may vary widely.
[Click on any image to enlarge.]
USSBorum_DeckLog_12Nov1945
Deck log of USS Borum (DE-790) – 12 November 1945
USSBonHommeRichard_CVA-31_DeckLog_04March1960
Deck log of USS Bon Homme Richard (CVA-31) – 04 March 1960
USSBonHommeRichard_CVA-31_DeckLog_04March1960(1)
Deck log of USS Bon Homme Richard (CVA-31) – 04 March 1960
USSMountMcKinley_AGC-7_DeckLog_01Sept1967
Deck log of USS Mount McKinley (AGC-7) – 01 September 1967

For the period of 1941 through 1956, deck logs generally include monthly rosters of officers.  Beginning in March 1957, officer rosters are no longer included in the deck logs.  From 1957 onwards, officer rosters are included in the ship’s Muster Rolls/Personnel Diaries. Rosters of enlisted crew are always found on the ship’s Muster Rolls/Personnel Diaries.
Only the deck logs of major combatant and support ships are considered permanent records, per the Department of the Navy records management regulations. Other types of logs (engineer, engine room, quarter deck, sick bay or sick call, radio, and quartermaster) are deemed to be temporary records and destroyed by the Navy after initial administrative use. Medical information concerning individuals should be included in the medical file of the individual.
What they are not:
Deck logs are not detailed journals describing a ship’s mission and all events transpiring in and around the ship, although they do sometimes provide information about a ship’s operations.
Deck logs also do not provide personnel information besides the monthly officer rosters for the years 1941 through 1956, as mentioned above. Personnel might be listed if they were involved in an accident or if they faced disciplinary action aboard ship. Unfortunately, we do not have a name index for these records.
Requesting deck logs from 1941-1978:
If you are interested in requesting information from or copies of U.S. Navy deck logs for the period 1941-1978, please contact archives2reference@nara.gov.
In your request, please include:
  • Full name of the ship, and hull number, if possible
  • the dates of interest
  • the nature of your inquiry
Tips for requesting deck logs:
Due to the number of requests received, and the limitations of staff and resources, archivists are unable to consult a large volume of deck logs per request. The following tips should be kept in mind when submitting a request:
  •  Do some research in advance of submitting your request. The Naval History and Heritage Command Histories Branch website provides links to very useful information, including the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Consulting these sites may help you better frame your inquiry.
  • Provide as much information about your inquiry as possible. Be specific. A general request such as “I would like the deck logs of the USS Essex from January-December 1945” is too broad a request for the archivists to sufficiently answer. What would you like to know about the USS Essex during this time? As mentioned above, a little research beforehand may help you better frame your inquiry.
  • Keep your timeframe as narrow as possible. Deck logs per ship per day frequently comprise multiple pages. For example, the deck logs of the USS Essex from April-June 1945 will likely consist of hundreds of pages. A narrow timeframe enables the Navy archivists to better answer your request.
Requesting pre-1941 deck logs:
Deck logs prior to 1941 are maintained by NARA’s Archives I Reference Section (RDTR1), National Archives Main Building, 700 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW, Washington, DC  20408-0001. To request deck logs prior to 1941, please contact archives1reference@nara.gov.
Requesting post-1978 deck logs:
Deck logs dated after 1978 are maintained at the Navy History and Heritage Command. To request post-1978 deck logs, please write to the Ships Deck Logs Section, Naval History & Heritage Command, 805 Kidder Breese Street, SE, Washington Navy Yard, Washington, DC 20374-5060. More information can be found here.
Deck logs online:
Many deck logs have been digitized and are available via NARA’s Online Public Access (OPA).  Following the link http://research.archives.gov/description/594258 will take you to the series “Logbooks of the U.S. Navy Ships and Stations, 1941-1978.” To search within the series:
  •  In the Details area, look for “…file(s) described in the catalog”
  • Click on the “Search within this Series” button

Deck Logs OPA screen shot_close1

  • A search box will appear in the OPA banner at the top of the screen
  • Enter ship name or hull name. Do not include the prefix USS.

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If the deck logs of the ship of interest have been digitized, the images will appear on the results page. Only the first three results will appear. To view all results, click on “View all Online Holdings” on the right side of the page.

Deck Logs OPA screen shot_close3

Click on the image or hyperlink of the desired deck log to see a larger view of the image and to be able to download the image.
Do you Know Your Records?
Found anything interesting in the deck logs? Do you have another series of records you’d like us to similarly describe? We’d love to hear about it! Let us know in the comments!
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