Saturday, November 29, 2014

Royal Navy tracks Russian warships in English Channel

A Russian AOR supply vessel, A Ropucha class landing ship and a Udaloy-1 class destroyer pictured from HMS Tyne in international waters today
The Royal Navy is “keeping an eye” on a convoy of Russian warships that entered the English Channel to undertake a series of exercises.
While the four ships – led by an anti-submarine vessel called the Severomorsk - are not breaking any rules, naval sources told The Telegraph they were being monitored and have been escorted for the past two days through the North Sea and into the Channel by a British patrol vessel.
An MoD spokesman said on Friday: "We are aware that four Russian naval ships have passed through the Dover Strait from the North Sea into the English Channel, which all ships have the right to do under international law.
"The ships were escorted by the Royal Navy warship HMS Tyne as part of her UK maritime security role and have now left UK waters."
A naval source said: “It’s not provocative but we are keeping an eye on them.”
The ships are expected to pass through the Channel and head south shortly, possibly to relieve other Russian vessels in the Mediterranean.
Russia’s Northern Fleet said the squadron had passed through the Strait of Dover and were now in the Seine Bay off Normandy to wait for a storm to pass.
"While it is anchored the crew are undertaking a series of exercises on how to tackle infiltrating submarine forces and are training on survival techniques in the case of flooding or fire," the fleet said in a statement, according to the state-run news agency, RIA Novosti.
The convoy includes the Alexander Otrakovsky, an amphibious ship, a tanker and a tug.
Earlier this week, the Northern Fleet said that the ships had left their base in the Arctic port of Severomorsk on November 20, and steamed down the Norwegian seaboard, crossing into the North Sea on Tuesday.
On its way to the Channel, the squadron carried out an exercise to simulate repelling an air attack after it was circled by Nato planes, the fleet added.
Russia has been flexing its muscles in Europe this year as a result of the Ukraine crisis and worsening relations with western states.
The RAF scrambled Typhoon jets to intercept two Russian bombers close to UK airspace at the end of last month shortly after Nato reported an “unusual” increase in Russian military flights in European airspace.
Vladimir Putin, Russia’s president, raised eyebrows when his visit to Brisbane for the G20 summit was accompanied by a Russian naval convoy entering waters off Australia.
Last month, the Swedish Navy said it had detected a foreign submarine – thought by observers to be Russian – in its waters in the Stockholm archipelago.

N.Y. Military Museum Recognizes the Harlem Hellfighters

Lt. James Reese Europe and the jazz band of the 369th Infantry Regiment, also known as the Harlem Hellfighters, upon their return from Europe on Feb. 17, 1919.ENLARGE
Lt. James Reese Europe and the jazz band of the 369th Infantry Regiment, also known as the Harlem Hellfighters, upon their return from Europe on Feb. 17, 1919. GETTY IMAGES
They were in heroes in France during World War I, only to be treated as second-class citizens when they returned to New York.
Now, the Harlem Hellfighters, a black infantry regiment that won awards for valor, are getting a new life online thanks to a project posting their personnel records on a museum website.
The unit included Frank Baker, a printer who signed up at 21 years old and served for three years before his honorable discharge
Hubert Fleming, a janitor who enlisted at 19, stood 5-foot-7-inches and had brown eyes. And Joseph Cabeza, a painter, was 24 when he joined the unit. He died within two years, in May 1926.
These peach-colored enlistment cards offer a window into the lives of soldiers who joined the 369th Regiment Infantry. They list a range of statistics, such as the soldier’s age, address, birthplace, promotions, reason for discharge and civilian job. Some listed themselves as porters, chauffeurs, students, musicians, laborers and other positions open to black men at the time.
The New York State Military Museum is digitizing the post-World War I personnel records of thousands of soldiers, including the Harlem Hellfighters. ENLARGE
The New York State Military Museum is digitizing the post-World War I personnel records of thousands of soldiers, including the Harlem Hellfighters. MIKE GROLL/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Volunteers are now scanning thousands of their enlistment cards from 1920 to 1949 and posting them on the site of the New York State Military Museum in Saratoga Springs. A National Guard spokesman said they were about a quarter of the way through some 10,000 cards. Those posted so far can be seen at dmna.ny.gov/historic/mil-hist.htm.
The unit was originally formed as the 15th Colored Regiment of the New York National Guard, according to New York University Professor Jeffrey Sammons. Started in 1916, it was the first black National Guard unit recognized by New York, and one of the few black regiments that saw combat during World War I.
Because of racism in the military, the unit was kept separate from the rest of the state’s National Guard and trained separately, according to Mr. Sammons, co-author of a book on the subject, “Harlem’s Rattlers and the Great War: The Undaunted 369th Regiment and the African American Quest for Equality.”
The unit was sent to Europe to dig ditches, unload ships and build railroads but was deployed in combat in 1918 when the French military needed reinforcements, Mr. Sammons said. 
He said the entire regiment won the high honor of a Croix de Guerre from the French government for its distinguished service, but then came home to have a parade in New York City that was separate from other events for returning veterans.
Jim Gandy, assistant librarian and archivist at the New York State Military Museum. with the soldiers’ enlistment cards.ENLARGE
Jim Gandy, assistant librarian and archivist at the New York State Military Museum. with the soldiers’ enlistment cards. ASSOCIATED PRESS
The unit called themselves the Rattlers and used rattlesnakes as symbols, but their band, called the Hellfighters, was so popular that the nickname was later applied to the whole regiment. Mr. Sammons said special honors went to a soldier named Henry Johnson, who repelled a German raiding party: Federal lawmakers are now considering awarding him a Medal of Honor, nearly a century after his courageous feats.
U.S. Sen. Charles Schumer has pushed for legislation that would exempt Mr. Johnson from a rule stating that the nation’s highest military honor must be awarded within five years of a heroic act. Mr. Schumer has argued that Mr. Johnson “displayed the most profound battlefield bravery” but was denied the medal because of segregation.
The personnel cards cover a period that came after the Hellfighters’ early days during World War I, after which they became part of the New York National Guard again, serving as infantrymen and then as coast artillerymen.
New York State Military Museum officials weren’t available on Friday. Its former director, Michael Aikey, said the personnel cards were “a goldmine for family history.” He discovered them in boxes in the Harlem Armory several years ago. 
“Often these early records tended to be the first things thrown out,” he said. “They took up space. Most people in the military deal with records on a daily basis, they’re not thinking of history.”

Service marks 100th anniversary of Naval tragedy

Photo of HMS Bulwark: it is a commercial photo...
Photo of HMS Bulwark: it is a commercial photo likely taken to produce a series of postcards by H. Symonds & Co of Portsmouth, which is no longer in operation (similar set). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
The 100th anniversary of a massive explosion which ripped through HMS Bulwark – killing all but a handful of the 750 sailors on board – has been marked in Portsmouth yesterday (Wednesday November 26).
The 15,000-tonne battleship was anchored in the Medway Estuary off the north Kent coast when she was torn apart by an internal blast shortly after dawn on November 26 1914.
Navy investigators quickly discounted theories of a U-boat attack or a Zeppelin raid and focused on ammunition which had been stored in cross-passages. More than likely cordite charges left next to a boiler bulkhead ignited.
The blast was cataclysmic – bits of Bulwark were hurled up to six miles and the pier at Southend shook. A chest of drawers landed half a mile away in the mid and personal effects rained down on the town of Sheerness.
The dead were buried with full military honours. Most were laid to rest in Gillingham, some in Rochester and the occasional one in Portsmouth – Bulwark’s home base. Bodies were still being washed up on Kent shores two months after the disaster.
The wreck remains on the bed of the Medway – just segments of the port and starboard bow. The rest simply vapourised.
The ceremony was all about marking this terrible tragedy and reflecting on the wider sacrifices made by not only the Royal Marines Band Service but the wider Naval family
The Reverand Bernard Clarke, Naval Chaplain
One hundred years to the day a short but poignant Act of Remembrance was held at HMS Excellent
Focal point for the ceremony was a brass plaque in the wardroom which commemorates the loss of the 15-strong HMS Excellent Royal Marines Band in the tragedy.
The Last Post was sounded by two Royal Marines buglers and Naval Chaplain, the Reverand Bernard Clarke, conducted the service.
Wreaths were laid under the plaque by senior Royal Marines commander, Brigadier Richard Spencer, and Commander Martin Evans, Commanding Officer of HMS Excellent.
Rev Clarke said: “The ceremony was all about marking this terrible tragedy and reflecting on the wider sacrifices made by not only the Royal Marines Band Service but the wider Naval family and the whole of humanity during the First World War.”

Ohio town reluctant to name road for soldier killed in Afghanistan

(TNS) — Starting with the Atlantic & Pacific Highway in 1953, Ohio’s lawmakers sparingly named its byways and bridges in honor of others over the next half-century.
Over 55 years, 98 other highways and bridges were crowned with signs recognizing military feats and figures, politicians and famous Ohioans such as the Wright Brothers, Johnny Appleseed and Thomas Edison.
Since 2009, however, the number of memorial bridges and highways has exploded by 155 percent to 253.
The principle reason: Legislators have named public thoroughfares in honor of 110 Ohio service members killed in action in Iraq and Afghanistan — nearly 40 percent of the state’s 280 casualties in the two conflicts.
It’s become nearly automatic to name highways near the hometowns of the fallen to honor those who have died in Iraq and Afghanistan.
That’s why Brent McDaniels was stunned when his family ran into pushback in London in Madison County, west of Columbus, to name a state route running through town in honor of his son, Marine Lance Cpl. Josh McDaniels.
The 21-year-old combat engineer and London High School football star was killed on June 11, 2011, by an improvised bomb buried in the road in Afghanistan’s dangerous Helmand province.
State Rep. Robert Hackett, R-London, appeared before London City Council this year to suggest that it name a highway to honor McDaniels, but the idea fell apart amid protests from Vietnam War veterans and families.
One, whose brother died in Vietnam in 1969, wrote that she did not seek to diminish McDaniels’ sacrifice but thought it unfair to single out any one casualty. Facebook commenters also piled on. London council members agreed and are moving on another idea to honor the war dead.
“It hurt us. It really was upsetting,” said McDaniels, whose father was injured while serving in Vietnam. “We’re not asking for anything special for Josh, just what others get. It’s a nice tribute.”
State Sen. Chris Widener, R-Springfield, then picked up the banner and introduced a bill to name the section of I-70 between I-270 and Rt. 42 in Franklin and Madison counties as “LCpl Josh McDaniels Memorial Highway.”
London City Council President Patrick Closser said, “Nobody wanted to take anything away from Josh McDaniels; he did give the ultimate sacrifice for his country.
“We’ve had other people pass away in wars and nothing special was ever done for them. People wondered why their relatives and friends were not being honored in the same way,” he said.
The city plans to rename High Street as “Memorial Drive” and erect vertical banners bearing the names of all London war casualties dating to at least World War II, Closser said. Efforts to compile the names are underway.
Six Ohio highways, largely for Medal of Honor winners, are named for those who served in Vietnam, where nearly 3,100 Ohioans died. Memorials to those from earlier wars are usually combined into units or larger groups. In the case of the Spanish-American War, Rt. 23 in Delaware and Franklin counties is named for that entire conflict.
Bernie Pontones, secretary-treasurer of Vietnam Veterans of Ohio, doesn’t begrudge a pair of $400 signs along a highway to any service member who died in Iraq or Afghanistan.
“To use this as a vehicle to divide veterans is not fair. We support them. That’s their deal, not our deal,” said Pontones, 66, a Columbus resident who served as an Army infantry squad leader in Vietnam in 1970-71.
Iraq and Afghanistan “are a much more publicly supported war. Because of our time and efforts, there seems to be much more support for veterans,” he said. “The simple fact that the legislature sees fit to name highways, that’s their choice.”
Timothy Gorrell, director of the Ohio Department of Veterans Services, said the sacrifices of Vietnam veterans and their long battle for respect for their service in an unpopular war paved the way to honor the soldiers who followed them.
“If you look at the way they were regarded in this country, the way many were treated when they returned. ... They said, ‘This can never happen again in our country,’ and it hasn’t,” he said.

Friday, November 28, 2014

How The Navy's Latest Anti-Submarine Aircraft Sees Under The Waves

Boeing's P-8A Poseidon has been a part of the US Navy for a year this month. The converted airliner brings the latest in anti-submarine capabilities, reaching greater altitude and speed than its predecessor (without the nausea factor for its crew).
At the front of the plane, the P-8A sports an exclusive radar system supplied by Raytheon. In certain detection modes, the 408-pound radar system has a range of 200 nautical miles and provides ultra-high resolution images. A shorter-ranged setting offers enough precision to pick up on "small targets with limited exposure time in high sea states," according to Raytheon's fact sheet on the product.
The P8-A also has a refueling receptacle for missions that go beyond the 20 hours it can fly on a full tank.
The back half is dedicated to the storing and launching of sonar buoys from on high, which allow members of the nine-person crew to measure the sound propagation around these underwater units — just as a submarine or warship typically would. The P-8A can send out more than 100 of these yard-long "sonobuoys" in a single flight.
And in the middle, "any operator can control and monitor any sensor from their station," a Boeing representative wrote in an email to Business Insider. Each of five operator stations is equipped with two 24-inch high resolution displays, which were designed to work seamlessly with Raytheon's radar system.
P 8A PoseidonUS NavyBoeing's P-8A
Unlike some vehicles contracted from private manufacturers, the P-8A's militaristic features "are incorporated in sequence during fabrication and assembly" rather than being tacked on in post-production. It's built from the fuselage of Boeing's 737-800 and the wings of its 737-900.
 The US Navy currently owns 13 units of the P-8A, with plans to eventually expand its stable to 117.
Already the plane has played a role in the South Asian theater, where China's confidence in laying claim to disputed islands and waters meets a US presence meant to strengthen ties with nervous allies.
In August a Chinese fighter jet performed several passes — and even a barrel roll — near and above an American P-8A flying some 135 miles east of Hainan, home to a Chinese submarine base. At the time, China said the pilot had kept a safe distance, while the US described the event as dangerous.
In talks that raised the incident earlier this month, China and the US agreed to new guidelines aimed at avoiding further friction, including notification requirements and rules of behavior for future encounters.    
The P-8A doesn't just make spy flights; in addition to its primary function as an intelligence-gathering asset, it can carry various payloads: cruise missiles, naval mines, and even torpedoes.
Boeing has also created the P-8I, a variant on the Poseidon designed for foreign markets. The Indian Navy has purchased eight of these, the last two of which will be delivered next year, to replace their Russian Tu-142 aircraft.
Screen Shot 2014 11 27 at 6.26.28 PMBoeinganother look at the Boeing's P-8A

According to Boeing, the company is fielding interest from other countries as well; Australia has moved to acquire eight of its own.
India's P-8I, per their contract request, is equipped with a Magnetic Anomaly Detector (MAD) eschewed by the plane's parent version.
The tailpiece picks up on variances in the Earth's magnetic field created by large metal objects (like submarines).
India's own group of planes may go towards monitoring the same rival its American cousin does. "Indian strategists speak in alarmist, geopolitical terms about a Chinese footprint in India’s sphere of influence and a possible encirclement," the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute wrote in March. "They call for a speedy and forceful investment in a blue water navy." For that, Boeing's latest surveillance aircraft could make a strong complement.


Read more:  http://www.businessinsider.com/how-the-navys-latest-anti-submarine-aircraft-sees-under-the-waves-2014-11#ixzz3KL6ODRgf

Treating shell shock in returning WWI soldiers

Treating shell shock in returning WWI soldiers


Prof Brendan Kelly2Prof Brendan Kelly has written a new book, He Lost Himself Completely, on the old Richmond War Hospital to discover how the psychological consequences of war were assessed and managed after the devastation of World War I.

In late 1918, a 37-year-old, single, Roman Catholic gunner in the British army, Gunner KL, was admitted to the Richmond War Hospital, a 32-bed establishment on the grounds of the Richmond District Asylum (later St Brendan’s Hospital) in Dublin, dedicated to the treatment of soldiers with mental troubles as a result of the First World War (1914-18).
According to archival clinical records, Gunner KL’s left arm was: “badly torn. Black slough on top of elbow. Several patches of skin torn off the arm, which is septic.” Mentally, Gunner KL was: “rather irritable and complains of feeling nervous and of severe pain at the back of his head, and also of noises, dreams and night-terrors. States he can see shells bursting about and he states he wakes up very frightened at night.”
Memory problems
Prior to his admission to the Richmond War Hospital, Gunner KL had been in another Dublin hospital, but suffered from memory problems while on leave into town: “He remembers being in town and only remembers getting as far as Park Gate Street on his return journey… The rest seems a blank to him”.
This episode, allied with his nervousness, hallucinations (“noises”) and night terrors, precipitated Gunner KL’s
admission to the Richmond War Hospital for the assessment and management of the psychological consequences of war.
Gunner KL had joined the army in 1914 and served in France from 1915 to 1918. In 1917, he was “blown up and rendered unconscious in Passendael Ridge” (at Passchendaele in Belgium, site of the Third Battle of Ypres, from July to November 1917). The following year, Gunner KL “was wounded in the right mastoid region by a splinter of a shell”, and two months later was sent home, a case of “shell shock”.
On his first night in the Richmond War Hospital in 1918, Gunner KL “remained quiet and slept fairly well”. One week after admission, medical notes record that he was “feeling much better and is fairly bright and cheerful. His arm is much improved…. Eats and sleeps well”.
Two weeks after admission, Gunner KL was: “very quiet and well-conducted and gives no trouble. He is fairly bright and cheerful. His arm is very much better.” Clearly, the quietude and medical care on offer at the War Hospital had benefited Gunner KL both mentally and physically.
Four weeks after admission, Gunner KL: “was given three days leave to go home to attend his mother’s funeral… He returned punctually. He is very quiet and is well-conducted and gives no trouble. His arm is now about healed. Eats and sleeps well”.
The improvement was sustained the following week, at which point Gunner KL was not only “very quiet and well-conducted” but also “quite rational in his conversation”. Several weeks later, Gunner KL was discharged from the War Hospital, relieved of his symptoms.
Recovery rates
Image A (Cover - He Lost Himself Completely) for webThe case of Gunner KL is typical of many who were treated at the Richmond War Hospital between June 16, 1916, and December 23, 1919. Over this period, the War Hospital attended to the needs of 362 soldiers with nervous and mental troubles as a result of the First World War.
Gunner KL’s apparently rapid recovery was by no means unique: more than half of the soldiers admitted reportedly recovered following their time there, although a significant minority moved on to different locations for further treatment (e.g. Belfast War Hospital), and a small number were transferred to general asylums.
Sergeant RS, for example, a 20-year-old, single, Church of England sergeant, was admitted to the Richmond War Hospital in early 1919. On admission, Sergeant RS was “silent and morose in his manner and inclined to be uncommunicative. He hesitates before replying to my questions. He complains of headache — bad one day, well another; of the blood rushing to the top of his head and down again; of noises ringing in his head; and of voices which he cannot recognise. He seems very upset but tries to preserve a calm exterior. He seems depressed”.
Sergeant RS had joined the army in 1916 and went to the Front in 1917. He was taken prisoner at Vandeuil (in north-eastern France) and spent eight months as a prisoner of war: “He states he felt queer in the prison camp on one occasion.” Following his return to England, Sergeant RS went home to the West of Ireland but was later admitted to King George V Hospital (a military hospital in Dublin) from which he was transferred to the Richmond War Hospital for management of psychological symptoms.
Hearing voices
On his first night at the Richmond War Hospital, Sergeant RS “remained quiet and slept well during the night”. One week after admission, Sergeant RS remained “very silent and defiant in his manner. He makes little freedom with anyone. He sometimes runs downstairs as if in response to a call and seems rather disappointed when he finds it was not so. He admits he hears voices but is inclined to make light of the matter and says they are now much less troublesome. Sleeps and eats well”.
Two weeks after admission, Sergeant RS was “looking much better physically but mentally the improvement is slight. He admits he hears voices but remarks they are less troublesome. He is very distant and does not relish my questions. He is very quiet. Sleeps and eats well”.
Uncommunicative
One month after admission, Sergeant RS remained “sullen and morose in his manner, being distant and uncommunicative. He used threats towards the attendant the other day, saying he would put his teeth down his neck. When I spoke to him about it he was very annoyed and told me I wanted him to say what was being done on him but that no power on earth would make him tell it. He evidently imagines some form of persecution is employed against him. He still hears voices. Sleeps and eats well”.
Two months after admission, Sergeant RS was “still sullen and very distant. He entertains persecutory delusions [paranoid beliefs without basis] and is subject to hallucinations of hearing [hearing things that are not present]. He is, however, quiet. He sleeps and eats well”.
Three weeks later, after almost three months in the Richmond War Hospital, Sergeant RS was “transferred to Belfast War Hospital” (which had opened in 1917) for further treatment of what appears to be both the psychological effects of war and a possibly unrelated episode of mental illness.
Richmond War Hospital
In diagnosing and managing cases such as Gunner KL and Sergeant RS, the Richmond War Hospital represented a unique and groundbreaking initiative in Irish mental health services during an era when the Irish asylums were constantly expanding, and there were deep concerns about conditions and treatments in many of them, including the main Richmond Asylum itself.
The Richmond War Hospital differed significantly from the main asylum, however, because it was aimed at a specific population (soldiers), did not require that patients be formally certified as insane, and assumed a more progressive approach to treatment and recovery. While many of these changes were apparently short-lived, and did not immediately generalise to Ireland’s broader asylum system after the War Hospital closed in 1919, they were nonetheless provocative changes which would echo through later reforms of Ireland’s psychiatric hospitals throughout the 1900s.
Prof Brendan Kelly is Associate Clinical Professor of Psychiatry at UCD School of Medicine and Medical Science, and author of ‘He Lost Himself Completely’: Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-1919 (www.theliffeypress.com).

Wednesday, November 26, 2014

Thanksgiving Message from Commander US Naval Forces Southern Command/US4th Fleet

Thanksgiving Message from Commander US Naval Forces Southern Command/US 4th Fleet


Story Number: NNS141124-18Release Date: 11/24/2014 3:51:00 PM
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From Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Southern Command/Commander U.S. 4th Fleet Public Affairs
MAYPORT, Fla. (NNS) -- The commander U.S. Naval Forces Southern Command/U.S. 4th Fleet released his Thanksgiving message on Nov. 21.

Rear Adm. George Ballance said the following in his message:

"On behalf of the Ballance family, I wish you all a very warm and happy thanksgiving. Amongst the many blessings bestowed on our great country, I am thankful for the opportunity to serve alongside you.

"All of you have committed unflinchingly to the peace, stability and promise of a better future for people throughout the Americas and around the world. Because of your service, our nation enjoys the peace and happiness of another Thanksgiving knowing our freedom is secure. You can rest assured that your sacrifice and that of your families and colleagues are acknowledged with the thanks of a grateful nation.

"While we will always be challenged by the cause of freedom, I have witnessed all of you accomplish a great deal this year. I am proud to have been a small part of these efforts, and I hope that you will take a moment this holiday to reflect on your contributions and take some comfort in knowing that you are part of something great.

"From my family to yours, please enjoy a wonderful holiday. If you are able to travel this weekend, please allow plenty of time for the journey so you are able to return home safe and rested. Our thoughts and prayers are with all of you."

MOD announces submarine future basing plans - UK



MOD announces submarine future basing plans


MOD announces submarine future basing plans
MOD announces submarine future basing plans 
First published  in News
TWO Trafalgar Class submarines will move from Her Majesty’s Naval Base Devonport to Her Majesty’s Naval Base Clyde, the Defence Secretary has confirmed.
This is another step towards HMNB Clyde becoming the Royal Navy’s Submarine Centre of Specialisation.
By 2020, HMS Talent and HMS Triumph will be at their new base, and HMNB Clyde will be home to all of the UK’s submarines.
The Royal Navy’s other two T-Boats, HMS Torbay and HMS Trenchant, are to remain at their current home in Devonport until they are decommissioned in 2017 and 2019 respectively.
Defence Secretary Michael Fallon said: “This decision balances the Royal Navy’s operational requirements with giving more clarity to our servicemen and women to plan their family lives.
“HMS Torbay and HMS Trenchant crews and their families now have certainty that Devonport will be their home port until the boats decommission. We expect that local communities will welcome HMS Talent and HMS Triumph and their crews and families when they arrive in Scotland later this decade.
“Our commitment to Faslane becoming home to all Royal Navy submarines from 2020 will bring hundreds of jobs and investment to the West of Scotland.”
There is no change to the decision to make HM Naval Base Clyde the Single Integrated Submarine Operating Base and Submarine Centre of Specialisation by 2020. However, to have HMS Torbay and HMS Trenchant remain in Devonport until they decommission represents better value for money than to move them so near to the end of their service lives.
HMNB Devonport
• For over 300 years the Devonport site has been a home for the Royal Navy. Today, it delivers world class, safe, and secure operational capability and support. In partnership with Babcock Marine, under the recently announced Maritime Support Delivery Framework, Devonport will continue to support fleet operations including through the provision of in-service support to all our submarines.
Naval Base Commander Devonport, Commodore Graeme Little said: “The decision for HMS Torbay and HMS Trenchant to remain base-ported in Devonport reflects the operational and support demands of the boats and minimises potential disruption and uncertainty to our submariners - it is entirely consistent with the longer term plan to establish Clyde as the Submarine Operating Base and for Devonport to remain the Submarine Centre of Deep Maintenance.”
HMNB Clyde
• HMNB Clyde is already the single largest employment site in Scotland, and overall employment figures will rise to 8,200 by 2020.
• HM Naval Base Clyde has already begun an integrated construction programme to fully support the requirement of the ships, submarines and Royal Marines that will be based there. The investment runs into hundreds of millions of pounds.
• Local authorities have been engaged from the beginning in the plan to make HMNB Clyde the Home of the UK Submarine Service, and they will continue to be consulted as we move forward.
Naval Base Commander Clyde, Commodore Mark Adams said: “Several years of hard work have already gone into preparing HMNB Clyde to be the Home of the UK Submarine Service.
"The base regularly successfully hosts Trafalgar Class submarines for both routine visits and to undertake periods of extended maintenance and we are delighted to welcome HMS Talent and HMS Triumph on their move from Devonport HM Naval Base Clyde and the surrounding Argyll and Bute communities are renowned for their hospitality so the crews and their families can be assured of a warm welcome.”

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