Saturday, January 16, 2016

Why are our Gulf War veterans dying?



Gulf War Veterans dying
Wars often mean death, but that death is generally on some battlefield facing an enemy. But now our military is faced with another kind of death while we languish to find an answer why there are so many Gulf War veterans dying.

Our government has so far failed to find the answer, while scientists already have. The general response from government has been to deny the problem, like it did over Agent Orange. Now it’s the Gulf War Syndrome (GWS). But these maladies exist, and there are too many Gulf War veterans dying from them.


Gulf War Veterans dying
Image: Nr387241 / CC BY-SA 3.0

It took until 1994 for a technique called “gene tracking” to discover that many returning Desert Storm veterans were infected with an altered strain of Mycoplasma incognitus, a microbe commonly used in the production of biological weapons. Incorporated into its molecular structure is 40 percent of the HIV protein coat, indicating that it had been man-made. Just like HIV!
So how were our veterans infected with a microbe that became a death sentence for thousands of them?

It’s simply another case of Department of Defense (DOD) screw up. Our veterans were guinea pigs forced to take an unproven, untested drug to assess the effects of bio-warfare agents expected to be used by Saddam Hussein as we invaded Iraq: pyridostigmine bromide pills (nerve agent pre-treatment pills) that actually exacerbated the nerve agent effects of the microbe. But this was only one of three vaccinations the military forced on our veterans. The second was a botulinum toxoid vaccine (also untested and experimental), an anthrax vaccine, and several other experimental vaccines, all forcibly administered to our veterans without their consent.

In the 1991 Gulf War, the war of H. W. Bush, our military was intentionally exposed to experimental drugs and vaccines as well as to biological agents and other dangerous substances because the DOD wanted to study the substances, not their effect on humans. So our Gulf War veterans were subjected to these drugs without their consent. Many were threatened with court marshal and stints in Leavenworth if they refused. Our veterans were guinea pigs for DOD testing drugs and vaccines, and there are now thousands of Gulf War veterans dying.

The DOD has murdered thousands of our citizens with their unethical and criminal conduct in using Gulf War veterans as illegal guinea pigs for experimental drugs and vaccines.

The DOD also admits to conducting “man break” tests, in which they exposed soldiers to chemical weapons to determine how much was necessary to “break a man.” The DOD also has admitted they subjected thousands of soldiers to hallucinogens without their knowledge or consent.

Each of these non-consensual experiments violates the Nuremberg Code, a 10-point code governing human experimentation developed in response to the Holocaust in which the Nazi’s conducted experiments on unwilling subjects. Yet America does the same thing and has since at least the 1930s.

The Nuremberg Code “requires” voluntary and informed consent at all times, including war. Additionally, current U.S. law prevents funds appropriated to the Department of Defense from being used for research involving human subjects as experimental unless informed consent of the subject is obtained in advance and freely given.

We should never forget that going back to the 1950s, LSD and other hallucinogens were given to our military servicemen without their knowledge or consent. In other words, the U.S. government believes they own our military men and women and do not need their consent to experiment on them.


Gulf War Veterans dying
Shark liver oil capsules containing squalene. Photo: Citron / CC BY-SA 3.0

During the first Gulf War, tens of thousands of our military personnel received a highly experimental anthrax vaccine that contained a dangerous adjuvant called squalene. Squalene has been linked to serious neurological damage, and its side effects are fatigue, headache, and other symptoms of GWS that our troops developed.
A study by Tulane University scientists found that 95 percent of the Gulf War veterans studied with GWS had antibodies to squalene in their systems, and buried deep in that report was an even more shocking finding that our government buried.

Researchers discovered that many of the men and women with GWS also showed signs of early symptoms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, also known as ALS or Lou Gehrig’s disease. Two Navy officers developed ALS and died shortly after getting their anthrax vaccines. Four studies have found evidence of the increased risk of ALS in military veterans. It’s a neurological disease that slowly strips away all muscle control. There’s no cure, and it’s always fatal.

Additionally research led by Vancouver neuroscientist Chris Shaw found a link between the aluminum hydroxide used in vaccines and symptoms associated with Parkinson’s, ALS, and Alzheimer’s. For 80 years, doctors have injected patients with aluminum hydroxide, an adjuvant that stimulates immune response and now a known cause of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. And we wonder why these diseases are gaining a big foothold in our society.

The CDC acknowledges aluminum hydroxide is currently an adjuvant used in vaccines but declares they are safe, contradicting scientific evidence.

Shaw and his four-scientist team from UBC and Louisiana State University injected mice with the anthrax vaccine given to our first Gulf War veterans (without their consent). Because GWS looked a lot like ALS, Shaw believed they had a chance to isolate a possible cause. All troops were vaccinated with an aluminum hydroxide compound. Whether deployed or not, they developed similar symptoms at a similar rate. So it wasn’t due to Saddam Hussein. GWS was caused by our own government and its required vaccinations.

Shaw’s study with mice found a correlation: they found that after 20 weeks, there was a 38 percent increases in anxiety, severe memory deficits, and an allergic skin reaction. Tissue samples after the mice were euthanized showed neurological cells inside the mice’s brains, were dying in the part that controls movement. The cells were destroying themselves.

ALS has been responsible for placing Americans veterans who survived combat in wheelchairs with full paralysis and is a death sentence that has become a new cost of war. There are many Gulf War veterans dying of ALS.

Identified as GWS, the DOD, the FDA, the VA and the CIA have interfered in finding the cause of this disease, which affects literally thousands of our veterans mainly from the Gulf War in 1991. Read page one of the summary (House Report 105-388) here.

Since 2008, more than 6,500 veterans have developed ALS, yet more then half of veterans tested were found to have bacteria, viruses, and foreign substances in their systems, which also places them at risk.

Our veterans have been systematically subjected to toxic exposures. In 1997, Congress required research to measure the health effects of sustained low-dose exposure to the combinations of chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and environmental toxins to which Gulf War veterans were exposed.

The 1997 findings by the House report identified the following:

The VA and DOD did not take seriously the complaints of sick Gulf War veterans, and there were a variety of toxic agents in the Gulf War theater. That strongly suggests that exposures to the toxins trigged or amplified subsequent service-connected illnesses. Additionally, Gulf War veterans were exposed to depleted uranium dust without proper protection and subjected to pyridostigmine-bromide-containing anti-nerve pills that were to protect the veterans from anthrax exposure. They can have serious side effects and interactions when taken in combination with other drugs or vaccines or with chemical exposures, heat, or physical exercise.

Although as usual the VA denies the causal effects of pyridostigmine bromide and ALS, the very question of the VA itself taking responsibility has always been an issue.

In August 1990, the DOD contacted the FDA to obtain a waiver for consent of veterans the DOD planned to use these experimental drugs and vaccines on.

That waiver was granted.

So far, between 100,000 to 200,000 veterans express symptoms with approximately 15,000 dead. This does not include wives, children, or other family members, friends, or associates (secondary infectees) who are sick, disabled, dying, or dead.

Estimates are that half of all Desert Storm veterans may now test positive for mycoplasma fermentans (incognitus). A large percent of all GWS victims may ultimately die from the disease or by suicide.

While whole families are ill, the numbers don’t include babies stillborn or severely deformed like the thalidomide babies of the ’50s. Some of the babies are born with one or more limbs missing, a missing eye, or other deformities. It is now estimated that a large percent of babies born to infected veterans are being born deformed and or with birth problems.



A Story in a Spoon

"Our country is at WAR," read the memorandum to the employees of Buffalo, New York’s, Republic Metalware Company shortly after the United States declared war against Germany in April 1917.

"Some of our boys are in the Army or the Navy; others will go when called for. The rest of us—women and older men—will fight the enemy in Buffalo. How shall we do this?

"War is not only a series of battles between armies or fleets. It is a conflict in which the whole strength of a nation . . . fights the whole strength of another nation. Everyone helps win the war who does his or her share in any of these fields of work.

"So your work for the R. M. Co. is no longer simply for your own wages or personal advancement. It is a patriotic duty, just as necessary to the nation as if you were at the front as a soldier, sailor, or nurse.

"The R. M. Co. . . . will make for the Army, Navy, or Hospitals whatever they want that we can manufacture."

And Republic delivered—not with just the soup ladle featured here, but in many other ways as well.

DSC00355
View of World War I-era galvanized U. S. Navy Ladle.
The Republic Metalware Company certainly knew how to manufacture kitchen utensils. By 1917 it had been in business for more than 80 years. But war brought on new realities and plenty of challenges for the nation’s manufacturers; with hundreds of new ships and facilities being constructed, and with hundreds of thousands of men to feed, the need for cooking, serving, and eating utensils expanded exponentially—especially considering the wide variety of utensils outfitting a typical galley.

The mess deck crew of the screw steamer USS Pensacola, some time during the 1860s. Note the fish on the platter and the small dog. Naval Institute photo archives.
The mess deck crew of the screw steamer USS Pensacola, some time during the 1860s. Note the fish on the platter and the small dog. Naval Institute photo archives.
Metalware had been used in the Navy throughout its history. Over the course of the 19th century, heavy pewter and cast iron had been replaced by tin and copper, and by the late 1800s new advances, such as painted enamel agateware, were commonplace on board ship.
The berth deck crew of the USS Oregon pose with the tools of their duties, sometime in the early 1900s. Of particular note are Davis' O K Baking Poweder, the artfully placed knives, and large copper ladle at center. Naval Institute photo archives.
Berth deck cooks (and one Marine) of the battleship USS Oregon pose with the tools of their duties, sometime in the early 1900s. The battered and rusting enamelware bowls stacked next to the coffee pot at right stand in stark contrast to the gleaming copper pan and galvanized ladle at center. Naval Institute photo archives.
But the early 20th century saw new changes and new concerns in how Navy mess halls or mess decks were run. Increased attention to sanitation, cleanliness, and order meant the introduction of new processes and tools—including, on board the USS Missouri (BB-11) in 1904, the Navy’s first dishwasher. As recounted by Paymaster George P. Dyer in a 1906 Proceedings article, crewmen found that the commonly- and heavily-used agateware and steel utensils could not be adequately dried to prevent rust, especially with the new sanitary dishwasher. If the benefits of these new advances in sanitary and dispensing methods could be realized, then the Navy would have to change also its dining technology.
An advertisement for SAVORY-brand cookware, from a 1916 issue of Good Housekeeping.
An advertisement for "SAVORY"-brand cookware, from a 1916 issue of Good Housekeeping.
So entered the Republic Metalware Company. By World War I, it had become famous for its line of galvanized "SAVORY" roasting pans, boilers, and other kitchen utensils. Later, the company would change its name to Savory, Inc.
Though galvanization with zinc had been used for plumbing and construction materials such as roofing sheets and nails for centuries, it was not until the addition of aluminum into the galvanic processes to create tougher, more resistant coatings in the early 1910s that galvanized steel utensils could truly withstand the rigors and demands of modern Navy messes.

DSC00356
Side view of ladle.
The ladle pictured here was produced under the "SAVORY" line and stamped with "U.S.N." for its intended use. The Quartermaster Department’s schedules describe it as "ladle, soup, large, steel." At best, it is a brief if unimaginative description. But when one considers the advances in science, technology, and Navy traditions that had to accommodate its creation, the story becomes much more interesting.
Manufacturing methods were not always the best. The stamped Y in SAVORY
Manufacturing methods were not always the best. The stamped "Y" in "SAVORY" is barely legible.
By World War II stainless steel utensils, where rust would never be an issue, had all but supplanted the use of galvanized items such as the ladle featured in this article. But this ladle serves to remind us that progress is an evolving, gradual thing, and that the big changes that meet us head-on are accompanied by innumerable smaller modifications in construction and practice.
A cook aboard a submarine ladles out a meal. New London, CT, August, 1943. Naval Institute photo archives.
A cook aboard a submarine ladles out a meal with a new stainless steel utensil. New London, CT, August, 1943. Naval Institute photo archives.


Friday, January 15, 2016

As Okinawa confronts dioxin, Vietnam offers lessons







Last month, Urasoe in Okinawa pledged to conduct a survey of former base employees to ascertain the extent of environmental contamination at Camp Kinser, a 2.7-square-kilometer U.S. Marine Corps supply base located in the city just north of Naha. Urasoe’s director of planning, Setsuo Shimoji, announced the municipality would work with prefectural authorities to carry out the investigation, and that the city would also request funding from the national government.This is believed to be the first time that such a large-scale survey of former base workers has been launched in Japan.Triggering Urasoe’s decision were Pentagon documents, obtained by The Japan Times under the U.S. Freedom of Information Act, that revealed serious contamination at Camp Kinser. According to the reports, military supplies returned during the Vietnam War leaked substances including dioxin (aka TCDD), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and insecticides within the base, killing marine life. Subsequent cleanup attempts were so ineffective that U.S. authorities worried civilian workers may have been poisoned in the 1980s, and, as late as 1990, they were concerned that toxic hot spots remained within the installation.Following the FOIA release, United States Forces Japan attempted to allay worries about ongoing contamination at Camp Kinser. Spokesperson Tiffany Carter told The Japan Times that “levels of contamination pose no immediate health hazard,” but she declined to provide up-to-date environmental data to support her assurances.Asked whether USFJ would cooperate with Urasoe’s survey, Carter replied that they had not been contacted by city authorities. She also ruled out health checks for past and present Camp Kinser military personnel.Last year, suspicions that Camp Kinser remains contaminated were heightened when wildlife captured by Japanese scientists near the base was found to contain high levels of PCBs and the banned insecticide DDT.Japanese officials are blocked from directly investigating pollution on U.S. bases because the Japan-U.S. Status Of Forces Agreement does not authorize them access. Although an amendment to SOFA last September gave Japanese authorities the right to request inspections following a toxic spill or imminent return of land, permission remains at the discretion of the U.S.Consequently, until now research has been limited to land already handed back to civilian usage. These checks suggest that the problem of U.S. military contamination in Okinawa is chronic. In recent years, a range of toxins exceeding safe levels have been discovered on the island, such as mercury, lead and cadmium.In November the Okinawa Defense Bureau revealed that a housing area in Kamisedo, in the town of Chatan, was contaminated with dioxin at levels 1.8 times the safety limit set by the government. The problem came to light after residents complained of offensive smells emanating from the land, which used to be a U.S. military garbage tip prior to return in 1996.Meanwhile, Japanese officials released test results last month on three more barrels unearthed from the Pentagon’s defoliant dump site in Okinawa City. The barrels — the latest of 108 found beneath a children’s soccer pitch — measured dioxin levels of between 83 and 630 times the safety limit.The World Health Organization categorizes dioxin as “highly toxic” and links it to cancer, damage to the immune system, and reproductive and developmental problems. In Okinawa, awareness of the dangers of dioxin is low. Last year in Okinawa City, for example, laborers at the former soccer pitch were photographed working without safety equipment, and storm water was pumped into a local conduit without any tests for contamination.

Thursday, January 14, 2016

'Tomorrow. Finished. You' The haunting memories of being a prisoner of war in 1918




Josiah Roger Lloyd Atkins, from Merthyr, was captured during World War One

The fascinating memoirs of a Welshman who was taken as a prisoner of war by the Germans in 1918 have been released.
Josiah Roger Lloyd Atkins, from Dowlais, Merthyr , died in 1978, but his family has since uncovered his memoirs of being taken prisoner in March 1918 during World War One , which he typed 50 years after it concluded.
And in a special edition released by genealogy site Forces War Records, the tale is told of everyday life during imprisonment, and how Mr Atkins was frequently told he would be “caput [sic]” the next day.
Mr Atkins attended Merthyr Tydfil County Grammar School before being conscripted straight into the armed forces, where he was accepted into the Honourable Artillery Company before becoming a Commissioned Officer in the Machine Gun Corps.
He was captured on March 21, 1918, in the huge German Spring Offensive, also known as Kaiserschlacht when tens of thousands of Allied troops were captured.
He explained: “It was the day that I first became a guest of the Kaiser until the end of the Great War. ‘Guest’ perhaps is a slightly extravagant word for incarceration in a Prison Camp, so if you prefer ‘offizier Kriegsgefangen’, well, you just make your own choice.

'There was great jubilation in Germany that day'

“There was great jubilation in Germany on that day, or maybe the next day. Not, mark you, because they regarded my capture as all that important, but I was just one of an estimated 20,000 soldiers of the Allied Forces, and one must admit, that’s quite a lot of soldiery, by any standard of fighting potential.”

British prisoners of war
British prisoners of war

Mr Atkins was housed in a camp in West Prussia, the modern day eastern Germany, in March 1918, and so faced several months in imprisonment before November’s Armistice, and his memoirs spoke informally about the conditions of the capture.
“Being ‘taken prisoner’ is a very disturbing business, leastways I found it so. I became acquainted with the German language for the first time when an interrogating NCO gave me a rather baneful look, drew his hand across his throat and quite cheerfully said, ‘Morgens. Caput. Sie.’ A remark which produced a supporting chorus of ‘Morgens, caput,’ from his fellow soldiers – displaying obvious glee.
“One could be excused, I think, for feeling this was a little playful humour on their part, until one of our chaps, who spoke German, explained to me that it meant: ‘Tomorrow. Finished. YOU.’

'The joke appeared to be in very bad taste'

“And that little gesture with the edge of the right hand across his throat made one feel that the joke – if joke it was – appeared to be in very bad taste.”
He goes on to explain how he was just 21 and, as he expected to be killed, often thought of the family members he probably would not see again.
But he said there were some comforts, albeit few of them, and the depression soon passed, before touching on some of the horrors.
“One recalls the eventual arrival at an open compound with its double line of barbed wire fence; the panic of a prisoner who tried to scale the barbed wire and escape from this human rat trap, and the sharp bark of German rifle as he slumped to the ground.
“Poor devil… he never stood a chance, but sheer dementia had banished all reason before he steeled himself in adjustment to a situation which he had probably never contemplated. Possibly most of us had envisaged a lost limb or hoped for a slight ‘blighty’ wound which offered a short respite from the horror of stinking trenches and that black morass of mud which had all the quality of a sucking quicksand.”

'Nobody could offer you anything tangible to bite on'

He then discussed how the prisoners would be fed.
“Nobody could offer you anything tangible to bite on. For a long time ahead, in fact, there would be little of anything to bite on.

The memoirs were published as part of a special edition of the Forces War Records

“You would learn to allay that gnawing hunger pain which gave you a sickening nausea as your inner mechanism clamoured for sustenance. Food, always FOOD, became an absolute obessesion. All conversations revolved around it, making its lack even more devastating.
“What fools we were, just turning the knife in the wound with those gastronomic repetitive exercises of the past. Menus of London eating houses. Joys of the ‘Cheshire Cheese’, where you selected and served yourself from a loaded dumb waiter or sideboard.
“Your choice conversationally was endless. But oh, the futility of it all.”
He also touched on the conversations heard around the cell, of which religion was an occasional topic.
He said: “It brought on your own realisation of how little thought you had given to this subject, and you recalled a little shamefacedly that Drumhead Service when you and thousands of other new prisoners had knelt and given thanks on that Easter Sunday, some days after capture.
“And then you thought of the little camp chapel, with its dwindling attendances as parcels became more plentiful and the war news from the Western Front and the high seas gave hope of a return home. As one cynic remarked, ‘Let’s hope the Almighty has a sense of humour,’ as he recalls that pious service of thanksgiving on that first Easter in captivity, when ‘Morgens, caput’ seemed quite a possibility.”
Mr Atkin’s memoirs were published as part of a special edition of the Forces War Records dedicated entirely to readers' contributions. For more information, or to trace your military ancestors, visit the genealogy site at: www.forces-war-records.co.uk .

The Search for Hitler’s Political Testament, Personal Will, and Marriage Certificate, Part II Posted on January 12, 2016 by Daniel Today’s

Hugh Trevor-Roper set out for the American Zone, probably on or about December 21, 1945.[1] On December 21, responding to a phone conversation between British and American counterintelligence officers, the British sent a photograph of Wilhelm Zander to the American Counter Intelligence Corps (CIC) in Frankfurt for use by Trevor-Roper or for assistance in their own investigations into Zander’s whereabouts.[2] Trevor-Roper on December 21 or 22 went to the American internment camp in Frankfurt to search their records and found nothing regarding Zander.[3] On one of those days Trevor-Roper provided information to the CIC United States Forces European Theater (USFET) in Frankfurt regarding Zander, and informed them that Zander was wanted because he had knowledge of whereabouts of Martin Bormann and others from the Bunker, Adolf Hitler’s wills, as well as related information. Trevor-Roper informed the Americans that Zander had been seen in Berlin April 28; in Hannover in May; and, had left Hannover for Munich that same month.[4] Trevor-Roper, with clearance papers from CIC HQ USFET, then drove the 200 miles from Frankfurt to Munich, probably on December 22 or December 23.[5]

On December 24 Trevor-Roper contacted CIC Munich Sub-Regional Office and asked it for assistance in locating Zander and to aid in the recovery of Hitler’s personal and political testaments, documents indicating marriage to Eva Braun, and the diary of Bormann. Trevor-Roper told the Americans that he had information from British territory to indicate that Zander, who had been Bormann’s adjutant to the German Army, had taken these papers from Berlin shortly before the city capitulated to the Russians. It appears that day Trevor-Roper did not have contact with CIC agent Arnold H. Weiss, but only with a few soldiers detailed to help him, who already knew of the interest in finding Zander, but not much else. It appears that Trevor-Roper that day located Zander’s flat and searched it for the documents.[6]

While in Munich Trevor-Roper casually discovered some evidence which satisfied him that Zander was alive and living under an assumed name in that area. The immediate problem was to find the assumed name. This was achieved in consequence of a lengthy interrogation by American CIC of a woman friend who had seen him since his arrival. The name, subsequently confirmed from another interrogation, was Friedrich-Wilhelm Paustin; and he had worked in a market garden in Tegernsee.[7]

Meanwhile, Weiss, through local confidential informants, learned that Zander was rumored to be in Tegernsee, living under an alias; that Zander had been in Tegernsee from May 28 to May 30, 1945 under the name of Friedrich Wilhelm Paustin.[8] Then, just before Christmas, Weiss received a call from the CIC field office in Munsingen. A Paustin had registered for a residence permit with the local police in a small German village near the Czech border called Vilshofen.[9]

When Trevor-Roper met with Weiss, Weiss told him Zander was using the name Paustin and was posing as a farmhand for someone named Irmgard Unterholzner in a village not too far from Munich called Tegernsee. By the time Weiss and Trevor-Roper arrived, Zander had left. [10] On December 26, while visiting a 303rd CIC Detachment Trevor-Roper, supplied a tip that Zander was living in the Tegernsee area under the alias of Friedrich Wilhelm Paustin. He stated that Paustin had in his possession unspecified documents, among which was the marriage license of Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun.[11]

On December 27, the CIC checked to determine if a Paustin was in fact located in the Tegernsee area. Records relating to a Friedrich Wilhelm Paustin were found which showed that a person by that name had been a patient in the German Military Hospital “Seeheim” from June 6 until June 24, when he was released to the Bad Aibling Prisoner of War Enclosure for discharge. A check of the CIC Registry of this item indicated that a Friedrich Wilhelm Paustin was living and employed at Bahofstrasse 87, Tegernsee. Trevor-Roper proceeded to Tegernsee and a raid was made by him, Special Agent Ernst J. Mueller of the 303rd CIC team, and two German policemen. Paustin/Zander was not at home and it was learned from Frau Keilberth, his employer, and the local CIC, that he had left on December 22 for the town of Aidenbach in company of Ilsa Unterhozner. Trevor-Roper decided that he would travel to Aidenbach in an effort to apprehend Zander, and requested that the 303rd CIC team make an effort to locate the documents believed to have been in Zander’s possession. A search of Paustin’s room at Bahnhofstrasse 87, failed to uncover any documents whatsoever. A further search in the home of a gardener, Rauh, in Tegernsee, where Paustin had lived previously also produced no results.[12]

With the lead to Aidenbach, Trevor-Roper, accompanied by Weiss, and apparently a CIC officer named Rosener, in a jeep set out from Munich on the night of December 27 for the 90-minute drive to Aidenbach. Clearing through the Regional CIC office and the Degendorf Sub-Regional Office, where an agent named Brickmann joined them, sometime between 3am and 4am on December 28 they found the farmhouse where Zander was supposedly staying. Trevor-Roper posted an American soldier with a revolver at each corner, and knocked on the door. There was no answer. Trevor-Roper ordered a German policeman to climb through the window and open the door. Inside, they found a man in bed who claimed to be a merchant named Wilhelm Paustin. With him was Ilsa Unterholzner. Both were arrested. Trevor-Roper made them dress, and then, with Weiss, drove them back to Munich for interrogation.[13]

Ilsa Unterholzner claimed that although she had known Zander for five years and knew his complete background she had no knowledge of the documents that he had carried and the mission that had taken him out of Berlin on April 29.[14]

Under interrogation on December 28, Zander admitted his true identity and spoke freely. He gave his story about the documents and his travels, and revealed the location of the documents. Weiss immediately notified the CIC at Tegernsee where the documents were located. As it turned out, also on December 28 the Tegernsee police reported to the local CIC that a Frau Irmgard Unterholzner had called them to report that Paustin had stored a suitcase in her home sometime in June.[15] She volunteered this information because she had heard from her sister (Frau Keilberth) that the CIC had searched Paustin’s room. 1stLt. Allen Fial, 303rd CIC immediately picked up the suitcase at Frau Unterholzner’s home and took it to the CIC office in Tegernsee, where a thorough search by Special Agent Ernst J. Mueller disclosed a camouflaged packet containing several documents. A close examination revealed that the documents, all dated April 29, were an original marriage license of Hitler and Braun, witnessed by Bormann and Goebbels; an original signed Political Testament of Hitler, witnessed by Goebbels, Bormann, Krebs and Bergdorf; original signed Private Testament of Hitler witnessed by Bormann, Goebbels and Nicholaus von Below. Also found was a hand-written letter of transmittal of the documents from Bormann to Doenitz; three photographs, two of woman believed to be Braun, and one of an unknown boy of about 12 years of age; one travel pass dated May 16, 1945, issued by the Bürgermeister of Einbeck to a Friedrich Wilhelm Paustin. The documents were turned over to Maj. Anthony W. Lobb, Chief, Third US Army CIC, on the afternoon of December 28.[16]

Meanwhile, at some point on December 28, the, G-2, Third U.S. Army telephoned the Civilian Internment Enclosure at Moosburg (S-2, 2nd Bn, 47th Infantry Regiment received the message), to notify Maj. Trevor Roper, to report any information he obtained to Third Army G-2 and that he was not to move anyone out of area without notifying the Counterintelligence Branch.[17] Whether or not Trevor-Roper received this message is not known, but in any case that day after arriving back in Munich he drove straight to the headquarters of the Third U.S. Army at Bad Toelz (some 30 miles southwest of Munich), and reported his findings to the commanding officer, General Lucian K. Truscott.[18] That evening the CIC learned that Zander alias Paustin, had been apprehended by Trevor-Roper, they believed at Vilshofen, and was last reported to be in custody in Munich.[19]
The G-2 Third Army quickly reported by TWX to G-2, USFET the capture and recovery of the documents. That night the documents were photo-copied and translated by the Military Intelligence Section, of the Intelligence Branch, of G-2, Third U.S. Army. Later the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, USFET directed that a description of the documents and a summary of the circumstances of the discovery be released to the press. The Military Intelligence Section began supervising the release of the facts of the discovery and certain quotations to the press.[20]

On December 29, the documents themselves were forwarded to the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, USFET.[21] The Allies now had two of the three sets of the documents.



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