Saturday, May 28, 2016

316Th Infantry - WWI - Marching Song

Crisis response Marines, French Gendarmerie conducts riot control training > The Official United States Marine Corps Public Website > News Display

Report: VA mistakenly classified 4,200 veterans as dead

More than 4,200 veterans were mistakenly declared dead and had benefits cut off by Veterans Affairs officials over a five-year span, according to new department data that shows the problem was much bigger than previously believed.

The issue came to light after a congressional inquiry in 2015 by Rep. David Jolly, R-Fla., who for the last few years has been tracking multiple constituents’ complaints about premature death notices.

After initially estimating the total veterans affected as around a dozen each month, VA released new information on the problem this week, pegging the mistakes as harming more than 70 veterans a month.

“These numbers confirm our suspicion, that mistaken deaths by the VA have been a widespread problem impacting thousands of veterans across the country,” Jolly said in a statement.

“It’s a problem that should have been addressed years ago, as it has caused needless hardships for thousands of people who had their benefits terminated and their world turned upside down.”

The issue stems from lingering errors in Social Security Administration’s record sharing with VA. When that department incorrectly listed a veteran as dead, VA policy was to cut off benefits immediately, doubling the frustration of victims looking to correct the record.

In 2015 alone, 1,025 veterans had their benefits terminated due to incorrect death classifications, only to have the department come back weeks or months later to fix the mistake.

Following congressional pressure, VA officials approved policy changes last December to mitigate the problem, giving individuals 30 days after a death notice is received to provide proof of a mistake.

The 4,200 premature death errors represent only about 0.2 percent of the total death benefit cut-offs VA handled from 2011 to 2015, but Jolly said each mistaken case can have long-term traumatic results for the victims.

He is asking VA for an annual survey tracking the problem, to ensure their fixes are working.

“If the VA’s new policy is indeed working, this problem should be eliminated. If the problem persists, then Congress will demand further action,” he said.

“We simply cannot have men and women who have sacrificed for this country see their rightful benefits wrongfully terminated because the VA mistakenly declares them dead.”

MINNEAPOLIS (May 26, 2016) - Remains Motor Machinist's Mate 1st Class John E. Anderson.

Sailors assigned to the Navy Operational Support Center Minneapolis perform the dignified transfer of the remains of Motor Machinist's Mate 1st Class John E. Anderson. Anderson was killed in action in Landing Craft Tank (LCT) 30 on Normandy Beach June 6, 1944, and his remains were recently identified by the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency and returned to his family for burial. U.S. Navy photo by Lt. Michael Sheehan (Released) 160526-N-RE822-089



This day in history - The Boston Globe - Bennington

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Letter to My Son

Letter to My Son

By Captain——, U. S. Navy

21 May 1955

Dear Son,

A little over a quarter of a century ago I was on the verge, as you are today, of being graduated from the Naval Academy. No doubt your thoughts now, as mine were then, are occupied largely with the imminent release from a rigid routine of studies, drills, classes and a restriction of liberties that few people undergo for such an extended period. It is right and proper that you should anticipate this release, because it, together with the honor that comes with graduation, is a reward for which you can well be proud.

It is only natural that on this occasion I should reflect upon the years that have passed since I stood in your present position, and recall some of the lessons that they have brought. Also, it is perhaps only natural that I should want to pass those lessons along to you with the hope that they will be of some benefit to you in your career. For, in order that man progress, isn’t it necessary that each generation build upon the experiences of those that have gone before?

In reality these thoughts that I pass along for your consideration are not new but, rather, are well proven truths that are brought more sharply into focus with the passing of time. They are frequently either forgotten or disregarded by many who would readily recognize their worth, but who find the press of everyday living too exacting to give them the attention they deserve.

The naval profession has no superior in honor and service to its country. It has played a major role in the establishment and maintenance of virtually all great nations, and particularly our own. It is a profession that is respected, trusted, and depended upon by the civilian populace. It could not have reached its present stature and survived so long had it not yielded returns commensurate with the country’s investment and faith in it. Therefore, the uniform is one we wear with a pride that raises it above any act of dishonor.

Naval Academy Class of 1955. Naval Institute photo archive

Naval Academy Class of 1955. Naval Institute photo archive

Periodically there are those who maintain that the Navy is outmoded, and that wars can be fought and won more quickly and cheaply without a major naval effort. One of the greatest mistakes that the United States could make would be to succumb to such a philosophy. To do so would be to voluntarily sacrifice one of the major elements of a strategical and tactical combination of air force, army, and naval forces that, when employed in concert, are far stronger than the sum of their separate strengths. Periods of naval ultra-conservatism have been left far behind. The Navy of today, and of recent decades, has incorporated the use of the most modern weapons and equipments. Virtually the entire range of modern technological advancements has multiplied the Navy’s striking power manyfold, and we are well embarked upon further strides forward. I am not alone in forecasting naval developments in the near future that will dwarf anything that we have seen in the past. Nuclear power, nuclear weapons, electronics, and guided missiles are present day realities, but still in their infancy. You are most fortunate in entering the Navy at a time when you can participate in such development and growth.

Modern technology and its adaptation to military uses receive much publicity, attention, and stress. They are rightfully sources of pride. Regardless, however, of the importance of scientific achievement the prime ingredient of our profession is the human being, the individual. We call many of our weapons and equipment automatic. They are not automatic. Somewhere along the line their input and, consequently, their output are products of the human mind.

Naval Institute photo archive

Naval Institute photo archive

We must never lose sight of the importance of the individual in our profession, regardless of any apparently humble part he plays. Our weapons become progressively more destructive, and our equipments more efficient, but at the same time they both become more complicated. The time required for training the operating and maintenance personnel is likewise becoming progressively longer. The chances for error on the part of some individual in the chain of control become progressively greater. Every man of every rate must be constantly alert to do the right thing at the right time, and he must know of his importance and the heavy responsibility that he carries. I have found that a man’s sentiments, emotions, and personal feelings are not dependent upon his rate or rank. The basic superiority of democracy lies in its emphasis upon recognition of the individual human being. . . .

The rest of the letter may be viewed here.

Operation Condor Verdict: GUILTY!

Washington D.C., May 27, 2016 - As a federal tribunal in Buenos Aires announced guilty verdicts in the historic prosecution of eighteen Argentine military officers for participating in the coordinated, cross-border system of repression known as “Operation Condor,” the National Security Archive today hailed the ruling as a “major milestone for the principle of human rights and the pursuit of accountability for human rights violators.”

“Some 40 years after many of the Condor crimes were committed,” according to the Archive’s Southern Cone analyst Carlos Osorio, who testified at the trial and provided hundreds of declassified documents as evidence, “the victims and the human rights organizations that have represented them have finally found justice.”

“Plan Condor,” as the Argentine ruling refers to the operations, represented a sinister collaboration between the secret police services of the Southern Cone military dictatorships dedicated to tracking down, kidnapping, torturing and disappearing opponents of their regimes between 1975 and 1980. Operation Condor was founded during a secret, November 1975, meeting hosted by Gen. Augusto Pinochet’s secret police, DINA, in Santiago, Chile; it was named after Chile’s national bird, the Andean Condor.

A declassified FBI document that the Archive provided to prosecutors for the trial stated that “a third and most secret phase of ‘Operation Condor’ involves the formation of special teams from member countries who are to travel anywhere in the world to non-member countries to carry out sanctions up to assassination….” The car-bomb murder of former Chilean diplomat Orlando Letelier and his American colleague, Ronni Karpen Moffitt, in downtown Washington D.C. on September 21, 1976, became the most infamous of Condor assassination plots.

Prosecutors identified 169 victims of Condor operations in Argentina, among them 36 Argentines, 9 Bolivians, 20 Chileans, 2 Cubans, 11 Paraguayans, 1 Peruvian, 83 Uruguayans and 9 individuals of unknown nationality. Eighteen former military and intelligence officers were accused, including the last head of the military junta, Gen. Reynaldo Bignogne. Six of those accused died during the course of the 3-year trial, among them the first head of the Argentine Junta, Gen. Rafael Videla.

Besides Osorio, Archive Senior Analyst and author of The Pinochet File, Peter Kornbluh, testified at the Condor trial, along with Archive advisory board member John Dinges, author of The Condor Years. Osorio supplied the court with 900 declassified records, many of which provided critical evidence for the proceedings. In final arguments presented to the judges, prosecutors cited the Archive's documents some 150 times.

“In the case of the Condor proceedings it was possible to include thousands of documents from different sources as evidence,“ noted the lead prosecutor, Pablo Ouvina. “We had permanent contact with the National Security Archive.”

The Archive today posted a series of declassified U.S. documents that were used in the trial and that tell the story of Operation Condor, what U.S. officials knew, when they knew it, and what they did and did not do with that knowledge.

Document 01

[Minutes of the Conclusions of the First Inter American Meeting on National Intelligence] Secret, Meeting Minutes, November 28, 1975.


Source: Rettig Commission Investigators; translation by Peter Kornbluh

This summary of Operation Condor's inaugural meeting, hosted by the Chilean secret police, DINA, in Santiago, Chile, provides substantive detail on the mission, coordination, communications, intelligence sharing, joint operations and Latin American intelligence officers involved in initiating a regional effort to suppress the left in the Southern Cone. It also identifies the origins of the name of this cross-border collaboration – Chile's national bird, the Condor. "This organization will be called CONDOR, by unanimous approval of a motion presented by the Uruguayan Delegation to honor the host country," the document concludes. The founding document is signed by five of the highest-ranking intelligence officers in the Southern Cone, representing the original Condor nations: Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Bolivia. (Later Brazil, Peru, and Ecuador joined Condor.) The document was originally obtained by National Security Archive analyst Peter Kornbluh from human rights investigators in Chile who discovered it in the Foreign Ministry archives; Carlos Osorio's testimony marked the first time it was formally introduced as evidence for the legal proceedings on Condor crimes in Argentina.

Document 02

Department of State, Memorandum of Conversation between Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and Argentine Foreign Minister Adm. Cesar Guzzetti, Secret, June 10, 1976


Source: Freedom of Information Act request filed by Carlos Osorio

During a June 1976 OAS meeting in Santiago, Chile, (which corresponded with the second Condor meeting, also held in Santiago at the same time), Henry Kissinger met privately with Admiral Cesar Guzzetti, foreign minister of Argentina's military regime. This declassified "memcon" reveals that Kissinger not only encouraged the ongoing internal repression in Argentina, but also endorsed the "joint efforts" with other Southern Cone regimes, which Guzzetti described, to address "the terrorist problem." In what appears to be the very first time Kissinger is told of the Condor collaboration, Guzzetti informs him that Argentina wants "to integrate with our neighbors … All of them: Chile, Paraguay, Bolivia, Uruguay, Brazil," to fight subversion. In response, Kissinger advises him to step up diplomatic efforts to explain the repression and offset international condemnation: "You will have to make an international effort to have your problems understood. Otherwise, you, too, will come under increasing attack. If there are things that have to be done, you should do them quickly. But you must get back quickly to normal procedures." When Guzzetti suggests that "The terrorists work hard to appear as victims in the light of world opinion even though they are the real aggressors," Kissinger agrees. "We want you to succeed," he concludes. "We do not want to harass you. I will do what I can … "

Document 03

ARA Monthly Report (July) "The 'Third World War' and South America" August 3, 1976


Source: Department of State Argentina Declassification Project

This 14-page memo was written by Assistant Secretary of State for Latin America Harry Shlaudeman, who had been following the reporting on intelligence coordination in recent months and had several times solicited reports on the subject from regional ambassadors. He combines the information on Condor and other disturbing trends in a report addressed directly to Secretary of State Kissinger. Shlaudeman states that the Southern Cone governments see themselves as engaged in a Third World War against terrorism and that they "have established Operation Condor to find and kill terrorists … in their own countries and in Europe." “ … [T]hey are joining forces to eradicate ‘subversion’, a word which increasingly translates into non-violent dissent from the left and center left.” Their definition of subversion is so broad as to include "nearly anyone who opposes government policy."

Document 04

Department of State, Cable, "Operation Condor", drafted August 18, 1976 and sent August 23, 1976


Source: Department of State Argentina Declassification Project

This action cable signed by Secretary of State Kissinger reflects a decision by the Latin American bureau in the State Department to try to stop the Condor plans known to be underway, especially those outside of Latin America. Kissinger instructs the ambassadors of Argentina, Chile and Uruguay to meet as soon as possible with the chief of state or the highest appropriate official of their respective countries and to convey a direct message, known in diplomatic language as a "demarche." The ambassadors are instructed to tell the officials the U.S. government has learned that Operation Condor goes beyond information exchange and may "include plans for the assassination of subversives, politicians and prominent figures both within the national borders of certain Southern Cone countries and abroad." Further, the ambassadors are to express the U.S. government's "deep concern," about the reports and to warn that, if true, they would "create a most serious moral and political problem." Special instructions are sent for the U.S. Ambassador in Argentina. “For Buenos Aires,” reads the cable, “…[Y]ou should include a statement of our profound concern regarding attacks on refugees from whatever quarter in Argentina and make a specific reference to some 30 Uruguayans who have disappeared…” The Uruguayans survived and are amongst the plaintiffs in the Condor trial.

Document 05

Department of State, Cable, "Actions Taken," September 16, 1976


Source: National Archive (NARA) AAD Diplomatic Records

In this cable, sent from Lusaka where Kissinger is traveling, the Secretary of State refuses to authorize sending a telegram to U.S. Ambassador to Uruguay Ernest Siracusa, instructing him to proceed with the Condor demarche. Kissinger then broadens his instructions to cover the delivery of the demarche in Chile, Argentina and Uruguay: "The Secretary has instructed that no further action be taken on this matter." These instructions effectively end the State Department initiative to warn the Condor military regimes not to proceed with international assassination operations, since the demarche has not been delivered in Chile or Argentina.

Document 06

Department of State, Cable, "Operation Condor," September 20, 1976


Source: Department of State Reading Room Microfiche Collection

Kissinger's assistant secretary of state for inter-American affairs, Harry Shlaudeman, received his instructions on turning off the Condor demarche on September 16. Three days later, while in Costa Rica, Shlaudeman receives another cable, which remains secret to this day, from his deputy, William Luers, regarding how to proceed on the demarche. At this point, on September 20, Shlaudeman directs Luers to "instruct the [U.S.] ambassadors to take no further action noting that there have been no reports in some weeks indicating an intention to activate the Condor scheme." Condor's most infamous "scheme" comes to fruition the very next day when a car-bomb planted by agents of the Chilean secret police takes the life of former Chilean diplomat, and leading Pinochet opponent, Orlando Letelier, and his 26-year old American colleague, Ronni Karpen Moffitt, in downtown Washington D.C.

Document 07

[FBI, Operation Condor Cable, September 28, 1976]


Source: Department of State Chile Declassification Project

This cable, written by the FBI's attaché in Buenos Aires, Robert Scherrer, summarizes intelligence information provided by a "confidential source abroad" about Operation Condor, described here as a South American joint intelligence operation designed to "eliminate Marxist terrorist activities in the area." The cable reports that Chile is the center of Operation Condor, and provides information about "special teams" which travel "anywhere in the world ... to carry out sanctions up to assassination against terrorists or supporters of terrorist organizations." Several passages in the document relating to these special teams have been excised. The cable suggests that the assassination of the Chilean ambassador to the United States, Orlando Letelier, on September 21, 1976, may have been carried out as an element of Operation Condor.

Document 08

Entregados a OCOAS XXX URUGUAYOS, September 29, 1976


Source: National Security Archive Southern Cone Documentation Project

This military form records, in bureaucratic language, the repression of Battalion 601. It states that Uruguayan citizens Jorge Zaffaroni and Maria Emilia Islas de Zaffaroni have been captured in Buenos Aires and handed over to the Uruguayan government's Anti-Subversive Operations Coordinating Organization (OCOAS - Organismo Coordinador de Operaciones Anti-Subversivas). "Military Intelligence Battalion 601… Handed to OCOAS… From: State Intelligence Secretariat. To: Intelligence Battalion 601... Primary objective: Jorge Zaffaroni [and] Maria Zaffaroni, Results: Positive…" The Zaffaroni couple disappeared on September 27 in Buenos Aires. The record shows that information coming from abroad (the word "Exterior" most likely means from Uruguayan intelligence) prompted the Argentine State Intelligence Secretariat (SIDE - Secretaria de Inteligencia del Estado) to request the capture of the Zaffaroni couple. Battalion 601 then records that the operation was successfully completed on September 27 or 29. A SIDE agent, Miguel Angel Furci, one of those condemned during the Argentine trial, appropriated the Zaffaroni couple’s baby, Mariana. Mariana would recover her identity in 1993, thanks to the work of the Grand Mothers of Plaza de Mayo. The document was obtained by the National Security Archive through a confidential source in Argentina.

Document 09

DIA. Special Operations Forces, October 1, 1976 [Secret/NoForn Intelligence Information Report]


Source: DOD Chile Declassification Project Tranche I (1973-1978)

This Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) Intelligence Information Report (IIR) provides information on Operation Condor. "During the period 24-27 September 1976," according to the document, "members of the Argentine State Secretariat for Information (SIDE), operating with officers of the Uruguayan Military Intelligence Service, carried out operations against the Uruguayan terrorist organization, the OPR-33 in Buenos Aires. As a result of this joint operation, SIDE officials claimed that the entire OPR-33 infrastructure in Argentina has been eliminated ... " The introduction to the IIR states: "Information was provided by US Embassy Legal Attaché who has excellent contacts within the State Secretariat for Information and Federal Police Force." The document has been presented at trials in Argentina and constitutes evidence of the responsibility of government agencies in the disappearance of Uruguayans Jorge Zaffaroni, Maria Emilia Islas de Zaffaroni, and their daughter Mariana on September 27, 1976.

Document 10

CIA [Report on Operation Condor Meeting in Argentina], April 18, 1977


Source: Chile Declassification Project

The CIA issues a detailed cable on a secret, three-day, Condor meeting held in Buenos Aires between December 13-16, 1976, when representatives of the Condor nations met "to review past activities and discuss future plans." A source, who appears to have attended the meeting, informs the CIA that Condor has increased its internal security after French intelligence became aware of plans for Condor operations in Europe. The December meeting, according to the source, focused on increasing "psychological warfare operations" against leftist groups in the Condor nations.

Document 11

State Department Cable, U.S. Ambassador Robert White (Paraguay) to Secretary of State Cyrus Vance, Subject: Second Meeting with Chief of Staff re Letelier Case, October 13, 1978, Confidential.


Source: Department of State Chile Declassification Project

In this cable, Ambassador White relates a conversation with General Alejandro Fretes Davalos, chief of staff of Paraguay's armed forces, who told him that the South American intelligence chiefs involved in Condor "keep in touch with one another through a U.S. communications installation in the Panama Canal Zone which covers all of Latin America." This installation is "employed to co-ordinate intelligence information among the southern cone countries." White, whose message was sent to Secretary of State Cyrus Vance, is concerned that the U.S. connection to Condor might be revealed during the then-ongoing investigation into the deaths of former Chilean Foreign Minister Orlando Letelier and his American colleague, Ronni Moffitt, who were killed by a car bomb in Washington, D.C. "It would seem advisable," he suggests, "to review this arrangement to insure that its continuation is in U.S. interest."

Document 12

Document 4: Subject: Conversation with Argentine Intelligence Source, April 7, 1980.


Source: Department of State Argentina Declassification Project

This rare document reveals the fate of a disappeared person. It was introduced in the Condor trial as a key piece of evidence in the Case of Horacio Campiglia and Susana Binstock. In this memorandum to Ambassador Castro, James J. Blystone, regional security officer (RSO) at the U.S. Embassy in Buenos Aires, details his April 2 meeting with an Argentine intelligence source. The anonymous Argentine source describes to the Embassy officer how Campiglia and Binstock, who were part of a special Montonero unit called the TEI (Special Infantry Troops) embarked on an offensive at the time, were captured by Argentine officers of Battalion 601 (in coordination with Brazilian intelligence), taken to Argentina, and held at the Campo de Mayo Army base. Campiglia and Binstock were never seen again.

Friday, May 27, 2016


Joseph "Joe" Bailey, 94, passed away on Tues., April 26, 2016 at PeaceHealth SW Hospital in Vancouver, WA from pulmonary fibrosis. His loving wife, Adeline and daughters, Kathleen Martin and Joann DeMott were at his side. Joe was born in Prescott, AZ on Jan. 17, 1922 to Marion and Lyda Bailey.

Joe graduated in 1939 from Oregon City High School, Oregon City, OR.

He was a Civilian Conservation Corps enrollee at Camp Zig Zag, OR from 1939-1940. Joe enlisted in the U.S. Navy in Feb. of 1941 and spent five years in the Pacific Theater during World War II, including being aboard the USS Whitney in Pearl Harbor on Sun., Dec. 7, 1941. He was also called back into the Navy from 1950-1953 for the Korean Conflict.

Joe married Adeline Wilson in Portland, OR on March 20, 1971.

He retired in 1982 from the Crown Zellerbach Paper Company in Oregon City, OR after a total of 32 years with the company.

Joe loved being with family and friends and was a snow-bird to Tucson, AZ for many years. He enjoyed camping, fishing, gardening, winemaking and beating almost everyone at cribbage.

Joe is survived by his wife, Adeline Bailey of Vancouver, WA; daughter, Kathleen Martin (Peter) of Bend, OR; step-daughter, Joann DeMott (Craig) of Otter Rock, OR; step-son, Craig Wilson of Williams, OR; sister-in-law, Dorothy Bailey of Portland, OR; and many nieces, nephews, grand-nieces and nephews, all who love him dearly.

He was preceded in death by his sons, James Marion (1946) and Thomas Joseph Bailey (2010); his parents; seven brothers and sisters; and former wife, Arlene Bailey.

The memorial service will be May 7, 2016 at 2p.m. at First United Methodist Church in Vancouver, WA.

In lieu of flowers, the family requests that contributions be made to Ocean Park Retreat Center in care of First United Methodist Church in Vancouver, WA.

Please sign his guest book at:


First World War naval battles commemorated

Turner Prize nominee Ciara Phillips made the design.

The Glasgow-based artist is the fourth artist to be commissioned to make a ship design in a celebration of the untold histories of women during the war.

The artwork is part of commemorations for the centenary of the Battle of Jutland, which was fought from 31 May to 1 June 1916 in the North Sea, near the coast of Denmark’s Jutland Peninsula. It was the largest naval battle and the only full-scale clash of battleships in the war.

It was painted on the MV Fingal at Leith docks.

The artwork was inspired by the team of women who worked under artist Norman Wilkinson, who invented the technique in the First World War.

The design also celebrates the women who worked as telegraphists and signallers during World War One.

It includes a Morse code message embedded within the pattern which will read as “Every Woman a Signal Tower” when in darkness, celebrating the ship’s former role as a supplier to remote lighthouses.

The creation is entitled “Every Woman” and was co-commissioned by centenary art commissions body 14-18 NOW and Edinburgh Art Festival.

Meanwhile, the bell from HMS Hood has been unveiled by Princess Anne to mark the 75th anniversary of the Royal Navy’s largest loss of life from a single vessel.

Descendants of some of the 1,415 sailors who died when the battleship was hit by German vessel Bismarck on May 24 1941 attended the event at Portsmouth Historic Dockyard.

Commander Keith Evans, 96, the chairman of the HMS Hood Association who served on board in 1938-39, said: “It’s quite emotional. I was lucky not to be there that day, it was a real shock throughout the whole country when it went down.”

Only three of Hood’s crew survived and it was the expressed wish of one of them, Ted Briggs, to recover the ship’s bell as a memorial to his shipmates.


10News viewers step up to help annual Fort Rosecrans Memorial Day celebration - KGTV ABC10 San Diego

10News viewers step up to help annual Fort Rosecrans Memorial Day celebration - KGTV ABC10 San Diego

Lockheed Martin to Build Advanced Sonar Systems as Navy’s Heavyweight Torpedo Returns to Production

MARION, Mass. May 25, 2016 – Lockheed Martin (NYSE: LMT) will provide the U.S. Navy the latest advancements in sonar systems under a contract valued at up to $425 million for guidance and control systems for the MK 48 Mod 7 torpedo, part of a five-year effort to increase the inventory of the MK 48 Mod 7 heavyweight torpedoes for the submarine fleet.

The Lockheed Martin guidance and control systems will equip the heavyweight torpedoes with increased bandwidth and streamlined targeting and tracking capabilities. These systems will increase the MK 48’s effectiveness and provide advanced counter-measure capabilities.

“The latest guidance and control technologies for MK 48 torpedo are thanks in part to Lockheed Martin’s $10 million investment in manufacturing efficiencies, facilities, and laboratories to ensure navies can pace the threats in littoral and deep sea environments,” said Tom Jarbeau, Lockheed Martin MK 48 program director. “We are building on our five decades of experience in undersea systems and our strong record of providing complex electronic systems to our customers on schedule and on budget.”

Under this new contract, Lockheed Martin will provide fully integrated guidance and control sections to increase the inventory of MK 48 torpedoes over several years. There is potential for production orders of more than 250 torpedoes over the next five years for the U.S. Navy, which are used by all classes of submarines as their anti-submarine warfare (ASW) and anti-surface warfare (ASuW) weapon.

These new guidance and control systems for new-construction MK 48 torpedoes include the same section of the Navy’s existing heavyweight torpedoes that Lockheed Martin is upgrading under the MK 48 Common Broadband Advanced Sonar System (CBASS) awarded by the U.S. Navy in 2011. Lockheed Martin delivers to the U.S. Navy at least 20 Mod 7 CBASS kits per month and is on track to deliver all kits on schedule. Lockheed Martin also performs intermediate maintenance of these torpedoes for fleet training, giving the Navy a critical combat advantage.

Lockheed Martin employees in Marion, Massachusetts, will perform the work on the MK 48 torpedoes’ guidance and control systems, with additional support from employees at the company’s locations in Manassas, Virginia, Palm Beach, Florida, and Syracuse, New York.

Channel Technology Group (CTG) in Santa Barbara, California, is providing the acoustic array.

For additional information, visit our website:

About Lockheed Martin: Headquartered in Bethesda, Maryland, Lockheed Martin is a global security and aerospace company that employs approximately 125,000 people worldwide and is principally engaged in the research, design, development, manufacture, integration and sustainment of advanced technology systems, products and services.


Britain's Royal Navy is looking into claims by an Italian diver that he located the long-lost wreck of the HMS P311 submarine, which was downed off Sardinia during World War II

Britain's Royal Navy is looking into claims by an Italian diver that he located the long-lost wreck of the HMS P311 submarine, which was downed off Sardinia during World War II

Remains of legendary 260-year-old Royal Navy warship HMS Namur revealed to the nation


he saw action alongside Nelson and was captained by Jane Austen’s brother to win renown in some of the key battles of the 18th century.

On Thursday, the nation will be able to see the remains of HMS Namur for the first time in 180 years, after her centuries-old timbers were discovered under floorboards.

The timbers are the centrepiece of a new exhibition at the Historic Dockyard Chatham, 20 years after they were first exposed during a routine refurbishment.

They will be left in situ at the dockyard’s Wheelwrights’ Shop, where they had been hidden under several layers of flooring after HMS Namur was decommissioned and recycled in 1833.

The Defeat of a French Squadron Commanded by Monsr de la Clue off Cape Lagos on the 18th August 1759 by a Squadron of His Majesty's Ships under the Command of the Right Honble Edward Boscawen
An engraving shows the Namur (centre) fighting in the 1759 Battle of Lagos, a key incident in the Seven Years' War CREDIT: NATIONAL MARITIME MUSEUM

Dan Snow, the historian and broadcaster, said the ship defined its period, adding that the remains were crucial in understanding how Britain’s navy had dominated the world.

Though the ship is not a household name, HMS Namur’s battle honours surpass even those of the more famous HMS Victory.

In 47 years of service, she saw action in three major wars, including the Seven Years’ War and Napoleonic Wars, and nine fleet actions.

The Namur was one of the first generation of warships to be built with a copper bottom, to reduce the growth of marine life on the hull. The phrase eventually entered the English language to signify solidity and security.

Among her notable captains was Charles Austen, the younger brother of author Jane, who commanded her from 1811 to 1814. His experience made its way into Austen’s novels via naval characters in Mansfield Park and Persuasion.

A curator cleans the 260 year old giant timbers of HMS Namur, the worldâ  s first round bow warship and the central point of 'Command Of The Oceans' new galleries at The Historic Dockyard Chatham that open on 27 May
A curator cleans the 260 year old giant timbers of HMS Namur, the worldâ s first round bow warship and the central point of 'Command Of The Oceans' new galleries at The Historic Dockyard Chatham that open on 27 May CREDIT: IMAGEWISE/ADRIAN BROOKS

Charles, or more formally Sir Charles John Austen, would rise to the rank of rear admiral in the Royal Navy. He had many commands but served as captain of HMS Namur when she was stationed at the Nore Anchorage off Sheerness as flagship of Sir Thomas Williams.

(Charles was not Jane’s only naval brother. Her elder brother, Sir Francis William Austen, rose to the rank of Admiral of the Fleet in his long career.)

Olaudah Equiano, a prominent campaigner for the abolition of the slave trade, was also a member of the Namur's crew, working in the dangerous role of “powder monkey” – boys who carried powder for the ship’s guns – in 1759. When the ship was decommissioned, she was broken up and repurposed.

Around a quarter of the timbers were used to line the floor of the wheelwrights’ shop, later covered with layers of real floorboards.

After more than 200 years they were finally rediscovered in 1995. Careful investigation over the past two decades showed the 245 timbers still bored their race marks, special cuts made with a knife showing where and when the timber was sourced, and where each piece fitted into the ship.

The remains will form the centrepiece of Chatham’s exhibition Command of the Oceans from Thursday May 26th.

Namur's exploits were legendary

The discovery of the Namur, writes Richard Holdsworth, has provided new and unexpected insights into the role of Chatham Dockyard during the age of sail and into the contribution made by Chatham-built ships to the making of the world we live in today.

To the navy of the day her exploits were legendary. Today she is little known, overshadowed by two later ships – Victory, Nelson’s flagship at Trafalgar, and Temeraire, immortalised by J M W Turner.

The British Fleet Entering Havana 1762
The British Fleet Entering Havana 1762

Namur embodies the story of the Royal Navy’s timber-hulled, sail-powered ships of the line as they secured command of the world’s oceans and protected trade – events that led to 150 years of Pax Britannica and Britain’s global influence today.

Launched in 1756, Namur was Boscawen’s flagship for the assault on Fort Louisburg in 1758. She fought in the two great naval victories of 1759: the Battle of Lagos Bay and Battle of Quiberon Bay.

She led the fleet that seized Havana, Spain’s Caribbean fortress, in 1762. During the American War of Independence she fought at the Battle of the Saintes.

In 1797 she was second in line to Nelson’s ship, Captain, at the Battle of Cape St Vincent, and in November 1805 took the surrender of Formidable, flagship of Admiral Pierre Dumanoir Le Pelley at Trafalgar.

General view of part of the Battle of Lagos, August 18, 1759 off the Portuguese coast during the Seven Years War
General view of part of the Battle of Lagos, August 18, 1759 off the Portuguese coast during the Seven Years War

Today her archaeological remains provide unique insights into warship construction. The timbers have not suffered the levels of degradation found on those beneath the sea.

They shed light on the working practices of the shipwrights at Chatham, on the process known as “razeing” – reducing an older three-deck ship of the line to a two-deck ship – and on the development of the round bow – a response to Nelson’s battle tactic of “cutting the line”.

Richard Holdsworth is preservation director of the Chatham Historic Dockyard Trust

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