Saturday, August 20, 2016

Crystal Serenity, RRS Ernest Shackleton & the Northwest Passage — What Could Go Wrong? [feedly]



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Crystal Serenity, RRS Ernest Shackleton & the Northwest Passage — What Could Go Wrong?
// Old Salt Blog - a virtual port of call for all those who love the sea

cserenityiceThe 1,070 passenger 68,870 GT cruise ship Crystal Serenity is arriving in Nome, Alaska on Sunday, August 21st, before continuing on in a 1,500 km voyage to transit the Northwest Passage via Canadian and Greenland. The 32 day voyage, which began in Seward Alaska, is expected to arrive in New York on Saturday, September 17, 2016. Accompanying the Crystal Cruises ship will be the RRS Ernest Shackleton, a vessel built for and operated by the British Antarctic Survey (BAS). During the Antarctic winter/Arctic summer, the ship is available for commercial charter.

The Crystal Serenity is not the first cruise ship to transit the Northwest Passage but is, by far, the largest. Previously, the largest cruise ship to transit the Northwest Passage was Compagnie du Ponant's 10,944-ton 199 passenger Le Soléal in 2015.  The Crystal Serenity has four times more passengers and crew and six times greater tonnage. Berths on the Crystal Serenity for the Northwest Passage cruise start at around $20,000 per person and running up to $120,000 for a deluxe stateroom.

The first large cargo ship to traverse the Northwest Passage was the Danish bulk carrier Nordic Orion with a cargo of 73,000 tons of metallurgical coal loaded at Vancouver and bound for Finland in 2013. The route was 1,000 miles shorter than through the Panama Canal.

Various media reports have described the Crystal Serenity as non-ice strengthened, which does not appear to be accurate. It was apparently built as Finnish Ice Class 1C. The lower ice classes 1A, 1B and 1C are assumed to rely on icebreaker assistance, of which the RRS Ernest Shackleton, is fully capable, with an ICE 05 class rating, exceeding the highest Finnish 1A Super class.

The cruise has many critics. Some question whether the RRS Ernest Shackleton, which was funded by British taxpayers, should be used to promote Arctic tourism.

Prof Michael Byers from the University of British Columbia told BBC News, "There is a significant tension between the science and environmental mission of the Shackleton and its participation in an exercise in tourism that has an enormous per capita carbon footprint.

"This voyage is a significant contribution, at least on a per capita basis, to climate change by people who are going to see an ecosystem before it is destroyed by climate change. I find that irony quite terrible," he said.

The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) highlighted the risk of an accident and it impact on arctic wildlife. Rod Downie, WWF-UK Polar Programme Manager said:

"This voyage symbolises the risk of large scale cruise ships operating in the Arctic. The unique wildlife is already stressed by a warming climate and the loss of sea-ice, and the arrival of mega-cruise ships in this part of the world could push it further towards the edge."

"It's because the Arctic is in meltdown that this cruise can take place. This year we saw the sea-ice crash to a record low for June as it continued its downwards spiral. The loss of sea-ice is bad news for Arctic species like polar bears, walrus and narwhal, and for Arctic people."

WWF believes that the risk of an accident in these poorly charted, ice-infested waters is high. There is no effective technology to clean up oil spills in ice, and little infrastructure in place to deal with a major incident.

Crystal Cruises has released a statement addressing safety and environmental concerns:

"We have taken many extraordinary operational and equipment-related measures to ensure a safe voyage. The typical conditions along the planned route during the Arctic summer are substantially free of ice and within Crystal Serenity's safe-operating parameters.

"Of note is our intention to use ultra low-sulphur content marine gas oil, which far exceeds the current requirements in that region. This, along with a relatively slow transit speed, will achieve our goal of minimizing our carbon footprint."

WWF's Downie acknowleged Crystal's efforts. "We recognize the positive steps that Crystal Cruises have taken to minimize their impact, working with local communities and in particular choosing not to burn heavy fuel oil in the Arctic, which is more persistent and damaging to wildlife if spilled. But if tourism is not sustainable, we risk ruining the very thing that tourists would come to see."

The post Crystal Serenity, RRS Ernest Shackleton & the Northwest Passage — What Could Go Wrong? appeared first on Old Salt Blog.


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... hardened silo! [feedly]



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... hardened silo!
// ATOMIC-ANNIHILATION


... ooo -what's not to like?! A cutaway of a Titan silo done by master aerospace illustrator Robert McCall !


all images- Right click- open in New Window or Tab = super colossal size!





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Using WWI Registration Cards to trace your ancestors [feedly]



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Using WWI Registration Cards to trace your ancestors
// Ancestry.com Blog

Ancestry Content Acquisition Manager, Rhona Murray talks about the value of WWI registration cards in tracing your ancestors movements during this period. Start exploring our new WWI Registration Cards for Bexley on Ancestry. The first National Registration exercise in the United Kingdom was taken during the First World War. The National Registration Act came in Read More
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This Day In Naval History: August 19 [feedly]



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This Day In Naval History: August 19
// Maritime News - Maritime & Shipbuilding News

1812 - The frigate USS Constitution captures the frigate HMS Guerriere, off Halifax, Nova Scotia after an intense battle.   1818 - Capt. James Biddle, as commanding officer of USS Ontario,
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The Army CCA assigns blame for post-trial delay [feedly]



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The Army CCA assigns blame for post-trial delay
// CAAFlog

In a published opinion in United States v. Banks, __ M.J. __, No. 20130948 (A. Ct. Crim. App. Aug. 16, 2016) (link to slip op.), the Army CCA holds that the Government is responsible for all post-trial delay incurred while waiting for the defense to submit matters to the convening authority, except for the maximum of 20 additional days of delay that may be authorized under Article 60(b)(2).

In United States v. Moreno, 63 M.J. 129, 142 (C.A.A.F. 2006), CAAF found that three kinds of post-trial delay are presumptively unreasonable: (1) When the convening authority fails to take action within 120 days of the completion of trial; (2) When the case is not docketed at the CCA within 30 days of the convening authority's action, and; (3) When the CCA's decision is rendered more than 18 months after docketing of the case.

The first kinds of delay is at issue in Banks, as the convening authority took action 440 after the completion of trial. 153 of those 440 days, however, were spent waiting for the appellant's defense counsel to submit matters to the convening authority. Article 60(b)(1) dictates that "such a submission shall be made within 10 days" of the accused receiving the record and staff judge advocate's recommendation, and Article 60(b)(2) permits an extension of time "for not more than an additional 20 days." Despite these statutory time limits, Army convening authorities often delay taking action to allow defense counsel additional time.

In Banks, the Army CCA finds "no authority for the government to grant an extension beyond twenty [additional] days." Slip op. at 4. "Accordingly, we cannot relieve the government of their obligation to comply with Moreno." Id.

The CCA then concludes that for the purposes of calculating the number of days under Moreno, the initial 10-day period and any excess time counts against the Government, while any extension under Article 60(b)(2) counts against the appellant:

[W]e hold that in calculating compliance with Moreno's 120-day threshold, when considering submissions under R.C.M. 1105 the only time that may be excluded from the calculation is when the accused has requested (and been granted) a twenty day extension in accordance with Article 60(b). As after the authorized time has expired the convening authority is authorized to take action, any additional time taken by the defense will continue to accrue towards the Moreno 120-day presumption of unreasonableness.

Slip op. at 7.


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Zeppelin crash centenary to be marked in UK village

Zeppelin crash centenary to be marked in UK village

Posted on centenarynews.com on 17 August 2016

The forced-landing of a German Zeppelin near a village in eastern England 100 years ago will be marked with a two-day programme of events in September 2016.

'Zepfest' at Little Wigborough will include audio tours, illustrated with period photographs, of the site where the First World War airship L33 came down with a loud bang in the early hours of September 24th 1916.

Talks and displays will recall the shock and alarm caused by the crash and its immediate aftermath in the Essex countryside.

"This was a momentous local event in the Great War," explains Sir Bob Russell, present-day High Steward of Colchester.

"I recall my late father-in-law telling me how, as a teenager, he and friends had cycled from Colchester to see the massive metal skeleton frame of the Zeppelin."

The crew of more than 20 escaped unhurt, setting fire to the wreckage to destroy technical details of interest to the British. They were taken into custody after being discovered by a local policeman on his bicycle.

The Zeppelin's skeleton was examined and the plans were later used as a basis for the construction of the British airships R33 and R34.

Zepfest's programme on September 24-25th includes:
*Walks of the crash site, comparing it with 1916 photos
*Ilustrated talks
*Zeppelin archive film and audio show
*Static displays about Zeppelins & L33 with artefacts, memorabilia, photographs and documents
*Zeppelin art display
*WW1 aircraft, vehicles and simulators
*Flypast of WW1 planes from nearby Stow Maries Aerodrome (weather permitting)
*Great War Living History group demonstrations - the Great War Society
*Heavy horses and wagon rides - Hawthorn Heavy Horses 

Colchester High Steward Sir Bob Russell said: "I congratulate the organisers of this commemorative event for their research and presentation. It reflects our social and war-time history from a century ago, and I am confident it is something which will appeal to people of all ages."

Visit the Zepfest website for ticket information. The events will take place in fields around Copt Hall in Little Wigborough, near Colchester, Essex. 

'Zepfest' is appealing for the loan of memorabilia and souvenirs of the crash. Bits of L33's wreckage were made into artefacts, including brooches and ashtrays. Contact the organisers via the 'Zepfest' webite.

Information & images supplied by Zepfest

Posted by: CN Editorial Team

 

 

Salvage Underway for Caribbean Fantasy Off Puerto Rico; All 511 Passengers and Crew Confirmed Safe By gCaptain

A local San Juan, Puerto Rico-based tug crew use a fire hose to cool the hull of the 561-foot Caribbean Fantasy ferry vessel that caught fire earlier a mile from San Juan Harbor, San Juan, Puerto Rico, Wednesday, Aug. 17, 2016. The Caribbean Fantasy's engine room caught fire, which began to spread to other compartments forcing passengers and crew to abandon the ferry vessel. U.S. Coast Guard photo courtesy of Station San Juan, Puerto Rico.

A Unified Command is continuing to respond Thursday to a fire aboard the 561-foot passenger ferry vessel Caribbean Fantasy off Punta Salinas, Puerto Rico. The fire broke out Wednesday morning in the engine room of the vessel and spread to other compartments on board, which led to the entire ship’s evacuation. The Caribbean Fantasy ran aground a […]

The post Salvage Underway for Caribbean Fantasy Off Puerto Rico; All 511 Passengers and Crew Confirmed Safe appeared first on gCaptain.

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Romania denies the import of US nuclear weapons from Turkey

Turkey banned the U.S. to use the Incirlik air base 

Washington no longer trusts the Ankara nuclear weapon storage, write media. 

Romania denies that U.S. nuclear weapons from Turkey. This was reported in the Romanian foreign Ministry, RIA Novosti reported.

Earlier media reported that the United States began to export nuclear weapons from Turkey to base Deveselu in Romania. According to the newspaper, Washington no longer trusts Ankara possession of nuclear weapons.

“The Romanian foreign Ministry categorically denies this information,” – said the Agency in the Romanian office.

We will remind, on July 19, Turkish Ministry of justice sent US additional documents required for the extradition of the opposition Islamic preacher.

Earlier, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has called on Barack Obama to extradite gülen because he is the mastermind of a military coup.

Gülen himself, which is considered the main political opponent of Erdogan, has repeatedly stated that it has nothing to do with the coup, and condemned the attempted coup. According to him, these events could be specifically directed by the authorities of the country.

August 5 Wall Street Journal wrote that Washington is inclined to reject Turkey’s extradition of gülen as evidence of his guilt unconvincing

A military coup in Turkey

United States to take out nuclear weapons from Turkey – media

In Turkey, the early release of thousands of prisoners 38

Turkey fired another two thousand police officers after the mutiny

Gulen in Turkey facing 2000 years in prison

In Turkey issued arrest warrants for 120 businessmen

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Friday, August 19, 2016

WATCH LIVE @ 12:27 am ET: US Air Force Surveillance Satellites Launch

WATCH LIVE @ 12:27 am ET: US Air Force Surveillance Satellites Launch

GAO-16-537, Defense Budget: DOD Needs to Improve Reporting of Operation and Maintenance Base Obligations, August 16, 2016 [feedly]



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GAO-16-537, Defense Budget: DOD Needs to Improve Reporting of Operation and Maintenance Base Obligations, August 16, 2016
// GAO Reports

What GAO Found Congress enacted funding for the Department of Defense's (DOD) Operation and Maintenance (O&M) into multiple base appropriations accounts, which are used to pay for day-to-day programs and activities. This enacted funding generally has increased each year since fiscal year 2009, with the exception of fiscal year 2013, when sequestration reduced funding for O&M base. GAO found that DOD used its authorities to realign about $146.9 billion of its funding from fiscal years 2009 through 2015 (that is, moving funds through transfers from one account to another, and reprogrammings within an account). During GAO's review, the effects of such realignments on base obligations were not readily apparent because DOD did not report its O&M base obligations to Congress separately from its O&M overseas contingency operations (OCO) obligations used to support war-related programs and activities. GAO estimated O&M base obligations since fiscal year 2009 and found that DOD's realignment of funds led to its O&M base obligations exceeding O&M base enacted amounts in each fiscal year and by an annual average of 5.6 percent (see figure). Enacted and GAO Estimated Obligation Amounts for the Department of Defense's Operation and Maintenance Base Accounts, Fiscal Years 2009–2015 DOD reported to Congress a combination of O&M base and O&M OCO obligations in its budget justification materials and execution reports, but it did not separately report its O&M base obligations by account for each of its multiple O&M base appropriations. These materials and reports are key documents that help Congress appropriate, conduct oversight of, and provide control over funds. The Senate Appropriations Committee has expressed concern in its report accompanying a bill for DOD's fiscal year 2015 appropriations that it does not have a clear understanding of OCO funding used to support DOD's day-to-day programs and activities. The services track O&M obligations by base and OCO appropriations for OCO reporting purposes, but DOD's financial management regulations do not require it to congressionally report O&M base obligations separately for each account in its budget justification materials and execution reports. By revising its guidance to require congressional reporting on O&M base obligations for each account in these materials and reports, DOD could provide complete information to assist Congress in better understanding and overseeing DOD's full funding needs for O&M base. Why GAO Did This Study O&M is DOD's largest category of appropriations and constitutes about 43 percent of the President's total request for DOD of $582.7 billion in fiscal year 2017. The President requested $251 billion for DOD's total O&M funding, which included approximately $206 billion for O&M base and $45 billion for O&M OCO. Senate Report 114-49 included a provision for GAO to review the effects of budgetary constraints on DOD's base funding within its O&M appropriations accounts. This report (1) identifies the trends in enacted funding for DOD's O&M base appropriations accounts since fiscal year 2009; (2) describes how much O&M funding DOD has transferred or reprogrammed, and the effect of this realignment on base obligations; and (3) evaluates the extent to which DOD reported to Congress its O&M obligations for its base and OCO budgets. GAO analyzed DOD's O&M budget justification materials and execution reports since 2009 and interviewed DOD officials. What GAO Recommends To assist Congress in its oversight of the O&M budget, GAO recommends that DOD revise its guidance on preparing budget materials and execution reports to require the addition of O&M base obligations for each account. DOD did not concur, citing the inability of its current financial systems to easily distinguish base obligations. GAO believes the recommendation is valid as discussed in the report. For more information, contact Andrew J. Von Ah at (213) 830-1011 or vonaha@gao.gov.
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Diversity Thursday [feedly]



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Diversity Thursday
// CDR Salamander

I've avoided a DivThu long enough these last few weeks – so let's get back to this fetid topic for a bit.

"Though this nation has proudly thought of itself as an ethnic melting pot, in things racial we have always been and continue to be, in too many ways, essentially a nation of cowards."
Well, at least on this topic you can't call us cowards. Sigh; let's wade in.

Today I ask you to pray, again, for our recruiters. As all who have worn the uniform have done, they have been given an almost impossible set of orders that they will do the best they can to achieve. It isn't illegal, so it must be done.
Statistically the youngest, most junior and most male of all the military services, the Corps also skews strongly caucasian, particularly in the senior ranks. African-American and black Marines make up roughly 12 percent of all enlisted troops, according to Marine Corps data from February. Less than 6 percent of Marine officers are black, and only 10 general officers in the entire force are non-white.

In 2012, the Marine Corps launched an advertising campaign aimed at attracting black and female officer candidates. Officials cited the importance of developing role models for female and minority enlisted troops in creating the ads, which showed Marine officers leading in their home communities as well as in uniform.

"What distinguishes certain groups, particularly African-Americans, is that they are closely associated with their communities at home," Maj. Gen. Joseph Osterman, then head of Marine Corps Recruiting Command, told The New York Times at the time.

In 2013, then-Marine Corps Commandant Gen. Jim Amos published a memo to Marine leadership saying the Corps had "failed" in promoting diversity in its officer ranks. It was "imperative that the Corps take a fresh approach to diversity, one that reflects our reputation for performance and leadership," Amos wrote.
… "Targeted studies toward specific demographics have been part of our marketing program for several years, to include research focused on races and gender," he said.

As we've discussed before, if you treat everyone the same and use objective performance based standards, the US military will never fully reflect the ethnic composition of the USA – much less the various billet types and communities within. Some is cultural, some just is.

There is one fact that is beyond dispute; the US military can only access the talent pool coming out of our education system at the end of high school. For the enlisted ranks, and especially for our officer accessions, academic background and performance are THE entering argument for objective selection criteria.

If each ethnic group showed up at age 18 with the same aggregate marginal propensity to serve and objective criteria qualifications, then within a half standard deviation or so, all ethnic groups would be about the same. For a variety or reasons – all beyond the control of the military – we don't live in that country.

From just one major highly diverse metropolitan area; here is the entering argument – the facts that recruiters face.


According to just released data, only 31 percent of Duval's African-American students passed Florida's annual reading assessments in grades 3 through 10, while Hispanics did slightly better, with 41 passing.

That is worse than the 62 percent passing rate for white students and 68 percent passing among Asian-American students in Duval.

Similarly, African-American and Hispanic students under-performed white and Asian-American students by wide margins in math and other subjects.
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But the latest state testing data show that African-American and Hispanic students scored far below white and Asian students in 10th grade reading last spring; 28 percent of African-American students and 41 percent of Hispanic students passed, compared to 60 percent of white students and 65 percent of Asian-American students.

Students need to pass 10th grade reading to qualify for a diploma their senior year.
Know this – you cannot get from there to a military that "looks like America." You can only get there via a variety of artificial manipulation methods and discrimination through acts of commission or omission against "over represented" self-identified ethnic groups.

That stands against what should be a core belief of all Americans; we do not discriminate against people by race, creed, color, or national origin. 

We should provide equal opportunity based on objective criteria without any consideration to race, creed, color or national origin. If at the end of the day that meant that 80% of surface warfare officers were of Philippine extraction, pilots were African-American, submarine officers of Japanese extraction, SEALS all had last name that began with "Mc," your doctors Muslim, and Marines had last names that ended in "o," "a," or "z" – who cares?

Well, people whose jobs rely on promoting a racialist mindset and keeping us divided do – to their great shame and ours for employing them.

One day we will achieve the goal of judging each other by the content of our character and not the color of our skin - not to mention getting away from the "one-drop" rule that ignores actual diversity from being multiracial, but the Department of the Navy is not there yet.
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Baltimore Police Use of StingRays Draws Ire, US Debated Secretly Storing Nukes in Iceland, and More: FRINFORMSUM 8/18/2016 [feedly]



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Baltimore Police Use of StingRays Draws Ire, US Debated Secretly Storing Nukes in Iceland, and More: FRINFORMSUM 8/18/2016
// UNREDACTED

Civil liberties groups are asking the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to investigate the Baltimore Police Department's use of cellphone tracking devices, commonly known as StingRays after the name of one popular model. The complaint comes "on the heels of a scathing Justice Department investigation that found that the police department routinely violated the civil rights of the city's […]
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Manatee Orgy Stops Traffic in Florida, Again [feedly]



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Manatee Orgy Stops Traffic in Florida, Again
// Old Salt Blog - a virtual port of call for all those who love the sea

Recently, what is being described as a "manatee mating ball" stopped traffic on the Courtney Campbell Causeway between Tampa and Clearwater, Florida. Dozens of people abandoned their cars to line the shore to watch manatees having sex. Video after the page break. This wasn't the first time that manatee sex stopped traffic on the causeway.

Manatee mating herds are infrequent but not that unusual, occurring every three to five years on the Courtney Campbell. In 2012, we posted Mating Manatees Stop Traffic on Tampa Bay Causeway about the last time when a manatee herd mated at just about the same spot. In 2004, another group of mating manatees drew a reported 500 onlookers to the Courtney Campbell.

So, what is happening? Save the Manatee Club has an Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Manatee Mating Herds (but were afraid to ask") page to explain it all.

Manatees do not form permanent pair bonds like some animal species. During breeding, a single female or cow, will be followed by a group of a dozen or more males or bulls, forming a mating herd. They appear to breed indiscriminately during this time; however, age experience of some males in the herd probably plays a role in breeding success. Although breeding and birth may occur at any time during the year, there appears to be a broad spring-summer calving peak.

When a female manatee goes into estrus, she is soon detected and pursued by numerous male manatees throughout the cycle (perhaps for a duration of up to three weeks). During that time, the female can mate with one or more males in what is known as an estrous or mating herd. That's why scientists generally don't know who the father of a calf is.

Many times, we will get phone calls at Save the Manatee Club notifying us that a group of manatees are "playing." Sometimes people also call because they are concerned that the manatees in the estrous herd are injured, stranded, or in distress. In actuality, a mating herd is sort of a free-for-all. In shallower waters, the effect can be quite dramatic with churning waters and flailing flukes and flippers.

Manatees mating causes traffic congestion

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History: SS Eastland, The Ship That SOLAS Sunk [feedly]



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History: SS Eastland, The Ship That SOLAS Sunk
// gCaptain.com

S.S._Eastland_c.1911What is the "Eastland Phenomena"? by Dave Lochbaum (AllThingsNuclear) The sinking of the Titanic on her maiden voyage has been immortalized in countless books, articles, movies, and documentaries. Billions of people across the globe know about the luxury liner's collision with an iceberg in the north Atlantic on April 14, 1912, on her way to New York City […]

The post History: SS Eastland, The Ship That SOLAS Sunk appeared first on gCaptain.


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Three Turkish Coast Guard Killed in Ship Collision in Bosphorus Strait [feedly]



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Three Turkish Coast Guard Killed in Ship Collision in Bosphorus Strait
// gCaptain.com

More than three percent of the world's crude supply, mainly from Russia and the Caspian Sea, passes through the 17-mile Bosphorus which connects the Black Sea to the Mediterranean.ISTANBUL (Reuters) – Three Turkish Coast Guard personnel were killed on Wednesday after their vessel collided with a bulk carrier in the Bosphorus strait, forcing officials to temporarily suspend traffic in the busy shipping lane. Their vessel capsized after colliding with the Tolunay, a Cook Island-flagged bulk carrier, which was sailing toward the Black Sea, […]

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Tall Ships Duluth 2016 [feedly]



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Tall Ships Duluth 2016
// Old Salt Blog - a virtual port of call for all those who love the sea

duluth2016Tall Ships Duluth 2016, billed as the "Greatest Spectacle on Lake Superior," kicks off this morning at 11AM and runs through Sunday, August 21th. The festival features eight tall ships including El Galeon Andalucía, the US Brig Niagara, and the schooners Pride of Baltimore II, Mist of Avalon, When and If, Denis SullivanAppledore V, and Zeeto. The "World's Largest Rubber Duck" will also make an appearance. The festival offers ship tours, day sails, educational programming, food and beverage, entertainment and fun for all ages.

This year, the festival has partnered with Art in Bayfront Park to create an event within an event including 150+ high quality art vendors.

The post Tall Ships Duluth 2016 appeared first on Old Salt Blog.


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Independence-Class Carrier Power Plant [feedly]



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Independence-Class Carrier Power Plant
// Naval Historical Foundation

Technical drawing of a Cleveland-class cruiser. (ALL HANDS, 1958)

Technical drawing of a Cleveland-class cruiser. (ALL HANDS, 1958)

By George Stewart

A major factor in the determination of the feasibility of conversion from the original Cleveland-class cruisers to the Independence-class aircraft carriers was the fact that the propulsion plants could meet the needs of both ship types, without major modifications. The cruisers had a design speed of 32.5 knots while the carriers which were 22 feet longer had design speeds of 31.5 knots. In both cases, these requirements could be met by their propulsion plants with relatively minor modifications.

General Plans for USS Monterey (CVL 26) (HNSA)

General Plans for USS Monterey (CVL 26) (HNSA)

Both ship classes were fitted with 100,000 SHP (75 MW) quadruple screw steam plants that followed the general design practices for naval combatant ships of that era. This had very big advantages when it came to training and logistic support. In general, naval propulsion plants of that era made virtually no use of automation, instead dependent on relatively large well-trained engineering crews. Fortunately, a Booklet of General Plans for the USS Monterey (CVL 26) is available from the Historic Naval Ships association website that gives a good picture of the basic machinery arrangement of the carriers.

The major plant components include four General Electric cross compounded geared steam turbines, each rated at 25,000 SHP. Each set included a high-pressure (HP) turbine, a dual flow low-pressure (LP) turbine including astern elements, and a small cruising turbine for use during low-speed transits. The turbine packages appear to be virtually identical to the twin 30,000 HP sets found aboard the destroyers of that era.

Superheated steam was supplied at approximately 600 psi and 850 degrees F from four Babcock & Wilcox (M type) controlled superheater boilers. Boilers of this type could be found aboard virtually every major combatant ship during that period.

The basic machinery arrangement was in four main spaces with alternating firerooms and engine rooms from forward to aft. These spaces included:

  • Forward Fireroom containing #1 and #2 Boilers
  • Forward Engine Room containing the two outboard main engines.
  • After Fireroom containing #3 and #4 Boilers
  • After Engine Room containing the two inboard main engines.

Unfortunately, the available drawings do not provide a complete picture of the auxiliary machinery contained in each of the spaces. It is assumed that a pair of ship service turbo generators was located in each engine room. However, no information is available on this subject.

The most significant change that would have been required to complete the carrier conversion was the relocation of the boiler uptakes from the center line to the starboard side. There were four individual smoke stacks located on the starboard side of the flight decks. There were air intakes for the forced draft blowers located on either side of the uptakes but their actual configuration is unclear. Obviously, there had to be changes to the auxiliary equipment and possibly some upgrades to the electrical plant; however, no details are readily available concerning these subjects.

The CVLs were each fitted with two hydraulic catapults. Therefore there would be no major changes to the steam plants required as would have been the case when steam catapults came along in the 1950s and 1960s.

The bottom line is that with the exception of the changes to the boiler uptakes and combustion air intakes, no major changes to the original Cleveland-class steam plants would have been required.


George W. Stewart is a retired US Navy Captain. He is a 1956 graduate of the Massachusetts Maritime Academy. During his 30 year naval career, he held two ship commands and served a total of 8 years on naval material inspection boards, during which he conducted trials and inspections aboard over 200 naval vessels. Since his retirement from active naval service in 1986 he has been employed in the ship design industry where he has specialized in the development of concept designs of propulsion and powering systems, some of which have entered active service. He currently holds the title of Chief Marine Engineer at Marine Design Dynamics.

Independence-Class Carrier Power Plant was published by the Naval Historical Foundation and originally appeared on Naval Historical Foundation on August 16, 2016.


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1958 .... facts are falling out! [feedly]



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1958 .... facts are falling out!
// ATOMIC-ANNIHILATION


... pamphlet cover. The Cold War inspired some classic Mid-Century Modern design moments!


 

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Red Pill or Blue Pill in Syria & Iraq? [feedly]



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Red Pill or Blue Pill in Syria & Iraq?
// USNI Blog

MatrixBluePillRedPillWhen you've worked on a problem for a long time and cannot make progress in a direction that is in your favor, and the harder you work the more on the problem the more difficult it becomes – then perhaps it is time to look for fresh ideas and perspectives.

There is a good chance that you have identified both the problem and the possible solution incorrectly.

In this case, let's look at Syria and Iraq through Part 1 of an exceptional bit of work by the pseudonymous Cyrus Mahboubian over at WarOnTheRocks. The whole article deserves a thorough reading and covers both Iraq and Syria, but let's just look at the Syria portion.

Why just Syria? Mostly because is aligns well a topic I've covered both here and my homeblog; outside the Kurds (who have no desire to take control of the national government), we are backing the wrong people for the wrong reasons. In a lineup of bad actors, some are less bad for strategic national interests as others, that is just a face. If you must choose – and there is always the option not to – then just make sure you pick for the right reasons. In the case of Syria, that is Assad.

Though the author does not directly address the Russians, we have also been ill-served by our kneejerk reaction that if the Russians support X, then we must oppose X. X, of course, is radical Sunni Islamism in Syria that is threatening Assad's government. ISIS is just one of those groups – but we've already covered this in prior posts. Let's get back to Mahboubian.

The best part of his article? He smashes a lot of talking points about the Shia/Sunni divide in Syria. Agree or disagree, but you have to consider his facts next time someone trots out the usual tropes;

Sunnis are heavily represented at all levels of leadership in Assad's government. The territory it controls at this point in the war and at all points past is majority Sunni. And the Syrian armed forces are still majority Sunni. Alawites may be overrepresented in the security forces, but all that means is that they get to die more than others. It if it is an "Alawite regime," isn't it odd that includes and benefits so many non-Alawites?

Some American analysts have accepted the shrill claims of those who purport to represent the Sunni Arab world, such as Saudi Foreign Minister Adel Jubeir. They have accepted the sectarian victimization narrative as articulated by Syrian insurgents and their spokesmen — as if these voices represented the majority of Syrian people or even most Syrian Sunnis. …The Saudis' only appeal to other Arabs is the money they have to offer. The Syrian rebel spokesmen represent only a fraction of Syrian Sunnis. The self-appointed Iraqi Sunni leaders control neither men nor territory. The United States is listening to the wrong Sunnis. When President Obama or Gen. David Petraeus or others repeat the myths of disenfranchisement these voices propagate, they reinforce and legitimize a dangerous sectarian narrative that should instead be countered.

The alternative ideology to the self-proclaimed Islamic State, whether in the Middle East, in Europe's slums, or the former Soviet Union, is not to promote a Sunni identity — what the Bush administration pursued with its mantra of "moderate Sunni allies." Instead, a counter-ideology should promote citizenship and secular states. This is the model that the West helped destroy in Egypt after Gamal Abdel Nasser died and the model it is currently destroying in Syria.

We have all seen the photos of Cairo University as it has regressed through the last few decades, as just an example. Only a trend back towards secularism in the region is in our national interest in this part of the world – if that is even possible. By joining in with the sectarian mindset – are we not just feeding the beast that is after our throat?

In Syria, a majority-Sunni military force exists. It represents the only national institution remaining in a state that does not make nearly as many sectarian distinctions as its opponents seem to think. Yes, I am talking about the Syrian armed forces. The majority of Syria's state employees, government officials, and soldiers are Sunni, even today. The majority of the still-powerful urban capitalist class is Sunni. As someone who has been been interacting with people on every side of the civil war for its entire duration, I have learned that even some of Assad's top security chiefs are Sunni, such as Ali Mamluk, the head of national security who supervises the other security agencies. Colonel Khaled Muhamad, a Sunni from Daraa, is in charge of securing Damascus for the feared Department 40 of the Internal Security. Deeb Zeitun, the head of state security, and Muhamad Rahmun, the head of political security, are both Sunni, as are the head of foreign intelligence, the minister of defense, senior officers in air force intelligence, the minister of interior, the head of the ruling Baath party, the majority of Baath party leaders, and the president of the parliament. The commander of the National Defense Forces (N.D.F.) in Daraa is a Sunni man of Palestinian origin. The commanders of the N.D.F. in Quneitra, Raqqa, and Aleppo are likewise Sunnis. One of the regime's leading anti-ISIL fighters who receives support from all regime security branches is Muhana al Fayad. He leads the large Busaraya tribe between the Derezzor and Hassake areas and is also a member of parliament. Even some pilots dropping barrel bombs on insurgent-held communities are Sunni. Many heads of military intelligence branches are also Sunni.

All may not quite be what many believe in Syria and Iraq.

Poor data feeds bad advice. Bad advice informs bad policy. Bad policy brings about bad results.

I look forward to Part-2.


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American Billy Fiske — One of the Few [feedly]



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American Billy Fiske — One of the Few
// USNI Blog

Pilot Officer WIlliam Fiske, RAF

Pilot Officer William Fiske, Royal Air Force

Seventy-six years ago today, Pilot Officer William "Billy" Fiske scrambled to his Hurricane along with his fellow pilots at RAF Tangmere to intercept a formation of German Junkers over the English Channel. His squadron destroyed 8 German aircraft, but a gunner badly damaged Fiske's aircraft and put a bullet through his fuel tank. Rather than bail out, in one final piece of extraordinary skill, he managed to nurse his burning Hurricane back to the airfield, and bring it down through a steep dive into a belly landing. Fiske had to be recovered from his aircraft and died the next day of wounds he sustained over the Channel.

Plt Off Billy Fiske was the first U.S. citizen to travel to the UK on the onset of WWII to join the RAF and was one of 7 American pilots to take part in the Battle of Britain. Fiske was a member of 601(County of London) Squadron, Royal Auxiliary Air Force — the "Millionaire's Squadron."

The son of a wealthy New York banker, Fiske was a celebrity in his own country before traveling to the UK. He was the driver of the first five-man U.S. bobsled team to win the Olympics in 1928, and, at 16 years old, was the youngest gold medalist in any winter sport (eclipsed only in 1992). He carried the U.S. flag at the opening ceremony of the 1932 Olympics and again led the U.S. team to a gold medal. Fiske was also a cresta champion and was well known for jumps from the Badrutt's Palace Hotel's bar chandelier in St. Moritz.

Billy Fiske and the 1932 Olympic Bobsled Team

Billy Fiske and the 1932 Olympic Bobsled Team

He studied at Trinity Hall College, Cambridge, then worked at the London office of New York banking company Dillon, Reed & Co, and he married Rose Bingham, the Countess of Warwick, in 1938. In 1939 he was recalled to work in New York, but at the outbreak of the war, pretended to be Canadian and enrolled in the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve, being promoted to Pilot Officer in March 1940.

In a letter to his sister Peggy, written around the time he volunteered, he explained his thinking. The English, he wrote, had "been damn good to me in good times so naturally I feel I ought to try and help out in bad if I can. There are absolutely no heroics in my motives, I'm probably twice as scared as the next man, but if anything happens to me I at least can feel I have done the right thing in spite of the worry to my family – which I certainly couldn't feel if I was to sit in New York making dough."

800px-Billy_Fiske_IIIc copyIn 1941 a plaque was unveiled to him in St Paul's Cathedral which is inscribed: An American citizen who died that England might live. The U.S. Bobsled Federation has also dedicated the Billy Fiske Memorial Trophy, which is awarded to the national champion four-man bobsled team each year.

The United States is currently relocating its Embassy in London to a new site, much of which will be a park and accessible to the general public. This is a wonderful opportunity to honor the memory of Pilot Officer William "Billy" Fiske, a U.S. citizen and the first American to fly in the Battle of Britain, with a statue in the park, highlighting the close service and historical links between our nations and Air Forces.

Given Billy Fiske's status in the United States, as a double Olympic gold medalist, and his close ties to the UK, including his education, marriage and subsequent enrollment in the RAF, a statue to this recognized hero would be a fitting tribute to him, and to the enduring relationship between both nations and Air Forces in the UK's greatest hour of need. An American, in an RAF uniform, who died for Britain, would provide a distinct tie between both countries, and the relocation of the U.S. Embassy, particularly with the inclusion of a public park, would provide a fitting venue.

Hawker Hurricane. U.S. Naval Institute

Hawker Hurricane. U.S. Naval Institute

Late this year and early next year, Embassy staff will relocate from the Embassy in Mayfair to a new site south of the River Thames. The Nine Elms district, a South Bank industrial zone under intense redevelopment, offers a unique setting for the new Embassy. With an estimated 1000 daily visitors, the Embassy project is expected to establish a strong framework for the urbanization of Nine Elms. Contributing to this revitalization is a civic plaza and park, connecting the Thames embankment and Nine Elms Lane to a new pedestrian green way, linking Vauxhall to Battersea. The Embassy will sit at the centre of the site, with the surrounding park containing a pond, walkways, seating, and landscape along its edges, all open to the public, in contrast to the usual high walls and fences. This park offers a terrific opportunity to showcase U.S. ingenuity, art and culture, as well as providing a venue to commemorate its history and the special relationship with the UK and to recognize one of "The Few."

"The gratitude of every home in our island, in our Empire and indeed throughout the world, except in the abodes of the guilty, goes out to the British airmen, who, undaunted by odds, unwearied in their constant challenge and mortal danger, are turning the tide of the world war by their prowess and devotion."

 "Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few."

— Winston Churchill, 20th August 1940

 


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Ryukyu Shimpo – Okinawa, Japanese newspaper, local news » Nago sees 250 million yen surplus thanks to “hometown tax” donations from opponents of Henoko base

http://english.ryukyushimpo.jp/2016/08/18/25608/


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Secretary Mabus Names Destroyer for Medal of Honor Recipient [feedly]



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Secretary Mabus Names Destroyer for Medal of Honor Recipient
// U.S. Navy News Top Stories

In a ceremony at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California, Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus announced Arleigh Burke—class destroyer, DDG 122, will be named John Basilone in honor of the Marine Corps gunnery sergeant and Medal of Honor recipient.
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Secretary of the Navy Names Newest Fleet Replenishment Oiler, USNS Harvey Milk [feedly]



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Secretary of the Navy Names Newest Fleet Replenishment Oiler, USNS Harvey Milk
// U.S. Navy News Top Stories

Secretary of the Navy (SECNAV) Ray Mabus announced Aug. 16, that the second ship of the next generation of fleet replenishment oilers (T—AO 206) will be named USNS Harvey Milk after the civil and human rights leader who became one of the first openly gay elected officials in the United States
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Caldwell seeks certiorari [feedly]



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Caldwell seeks certiorari
// CAAFlog

In United States v. Caldwell, 75 M.J. 276 (C.A.A.F. May 16, 2016) (CAAFlog case page), a unanimous CAAF found that there is no scenario where an accused could innocently engage in the kind of conduct prohibited by the general intent military offense of maltreatment, rejecting the appellant's claim that the military judge's instructions were inadequate based on the Supreme Court's decision in Elonis v. United States, 575 U..S. __, 135 S. Ct. 2001 (2015).

The appellant has now sought review by SCOTUS. The case is Caldwell v. United States, No. 16-209. The petition for certiorari is available here. The question presented is:

Whether Elonis and its reasoning apply to all similar federal criminal statutes or whether, as the court of appeals here reasoned, Carter v. United States, 530 U.S. 255 (2000), creates a class of "general intent" crimes that fall outside the reach of Elonis and for which proof of negligence is sufficient to convict.


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U.S. Navy Photos of the Day Update


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Naval Air Crewman (Helicopter) 1st Class Michael Gionet coordinates the pick-up of ammunition during a vertical replenishment with the Military Sealift Command dry cargo and ammunition ship USNS Robert E. Peary (T-AKE 5) aboard an MH-60S helicopter attached to the "Tridents" of Helicopter Sea Combat Squadron (HSC) 9. USS George H.W. Bush (CVN 77) took on 4 million pounds of live ammunition during the underway and vertical replenishment. GHWB is underway conducting training and qualifications in preparation for a 2017 deployment. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Ryan Seelbach (Released) 160816-N-XI307-305


Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy (MCPON) Mike Stevens reflects on his time as the 13th MCPON during an interview at Defense Media Activity Headquarters. Stevens and future MCPON Steven S. Giordano spoke to All Hands staff during a sit-down interview prior to the change of office, scheduled Sep. 2. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Robert R. Sanchez (Released) 160817-N-OQ305-038


Deck Department Sailors haul in mooring lines during a sea-and-anchor evolution aboard the USS Ronald Reagan (CVN 76), after returning from Board of Inspection and Survey (INSURV) testing at sea. The lines are used to secure the ship to the pier. Ronald Reagan provides a combat-ready force, which protects and defends the collective maritime interests of the U.S. and its allies and partners in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist Seaman Jamaal Liddell (Released) 160818-N-NF288-117


Sailors and Marines move pallets of supplies during a replenishment-at-sea aboard the amphibious transport dock ship USS San Antonio (LPD 17). San Antonio is deployed with the Wasp Amphibious Ready Group to support maritime security operations and theater security cooperation efforts in the U.S. 5th Fleet area of operations. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Adam Austin (Released) 160815-N-DQ840-196

 


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